At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
1. Describe landscape maintenance careers and employment opportunities.
2. Demonstrate safety consciousness in dress/apparel, tool use, job site demeanor, and use of
personal safety equipment.
3. Identify, maintain, and describe the use of various hand tools.
4. Select and safely use appropriate hand tools for a variety of landscape operations.
5. Describe basic pruning systems applied to shade trees, shrubs, vines, perennials, and roses.
6. Demonstrate pruning techniques on a variety of landscape plants.
7. Maintain and improve soil conditions with amendments and fertilizers.
8. Identify common turf grasses for the region and recommend proper care.
9. Describe the steps required in the renovation and repair of a lawn.
10. Describe proper planting techniques for container, balled and burlapped, and bare root plants,
ground covers, and bedding plants.
11. Recommend appropriate staking methods.
12. Prepare and present a contract proposal for landscape maintenance service.
13. Compare and contrast the three common techniques for developing a maintenance cost
14. Prepare a basic business plan for a landscape maintenance business.
I. Landscape Maintenance Industry in California
A. Scope of work of the maintenance industry
B. Career and employment opportunities
C. Licenses and permits
A. Importance of safe work habits
B. Clothing and shoes
C. Job site behavior
D. Safety training and record keeping
III. Tool Identification, Care, and Safe Use
A. Hand tool cleaning, sharpening, repair
B. Shovels, spades, hoes, trowels, weeders
C. Garden and lawn rakes
D. Pruning shears, loppers, saws
E. Wheelbarrows, carts, and miscellaneous implements
IV. Principles of Plant Growth
A. Plant structures and their function
B. Life cycles and seasonal changes
C. Light, air, water, and mineral requirements
1. Plant health
2. Landscape function
3. Flowers and fruit
4. Aesthetics and special forms
B. Plant types and pruning needs
1. Deciduous trees and shrubs
2. Evergreen trees and shrubs
C. Pruning methods and systems
1. Heading back
D. Plant responses to placement and timing of pruning cuts
1. Identification of stem structures
a. Terminal and lateral buds
b. Vegetative and flower buds
c. Bud scale scars and age of wood
2. Importance of the branch collar and branch bark ridge
3. 3-cut method of removing large diameter branches
4. Shaping and directing growth with pruning cuts
VI. Soil Amendments and Fertilizers
A. Aeration and drainage characteristics of different soil types
1. Selection of organic and inorganic fertilizers
2. Nutrient needs of various plant types
3. Fertilizer label
4. Calculation of amounts required
5. Spreader types and calibration
E. Soil sampling and testing
VII. Planting Methods
A. Container grown plants
1. Nursery cans and boxes
2. Flats and cell packs
B. Bare root
C. Balled and burlapped
D. Root barriers
E. Tree staking and guying methods
VIII. Lawn Care
A. Warm and cool season turf grass varieties
B. Mowing, edging, watering, fertilizing
C. Aerating and dethatching
D. Repair of damaged and degraded turf
1. Spot seeding and sodding
2. Renovation and overseeding
IX. Professionalism in the Landscape Maintenance Industry
A. Importance of proper business practices and licenses
B. Public image and personal appearance
C. Scheduling seasonal maintenance tasks annually
D. Cost estimating and maintenance contracts
E. Client relations and communications
National Association of Landscape Professionals, Landscape Maintenance Training Manual. National Association of Landscape Professionals. Herndon. 2011 (classic)
Sustainable Landscape Management. VanderZanden, Ann Marie and Cook, Thomas. Wiley. 2010 (classic)
Landscaping Principles and Practices. 7th ed. Ingels, Jack E. Cengage Learning. 2009 (classic)
Introduction to Landscaping: Design, Construction, and Maintenance. 3rd ed. Biondo, Ronald J. and Schroeder, Charles B. Vero Media Inc. 2002 (classic)
Instructor prepared materials.