SRJC Course Outlines

4/20/2024 11:10:23 PMDH 75 Course Outline as of Fall 2014

Changed Course
CATALOG INFORMATION

Discipline and Nbr:  DH 75Title:  PHARM FOR THE DENTAL HYG  
Full Title:  Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist
Last Reviewed:11/28/2022

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum2.00Lecture Scheduled2.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled35.00
Minimum2.00Lab Scheduled017.5 min.Lab Scheduled0
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total2.00 Contact Total35.00
 
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  70.00Total Student Learning Hours: 105.00 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade Only
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 
Formerly: 

Catalog Description:
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The clinical usage of the therapeutic agents used in the practice of dentistry.  The indications, dosage, methods of administration, contraindications and side effects of these agents will be studied to give the student hygienist a foundation in the physical manifestations to be expected in drug administration.

Prerequisites/Corequisites:
Course Completion of DH 71A


Recommended Preparation:

Limits on Enrollment:
Acceptance into Allied Dental Program

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
The clinical usage of the therapeutic agents used in the practice of dentistry.  The indications, dosage,methods of administration, contraindications and side effects of these agents will be studied to give the student hygienist a foundation in the physical manifestations to be expected in drug administration.
(Grade Only)

Prerequisites:Course Completion of DH 71A
Recommended:
Limits on Enrollment:Acceptance into Allied Dental Program
Transfer Credit:CSU;
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP

ARTICULATION, MAJOR, and CERTIFICATION INFORMATION

Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
 Area:
 
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1999Inactive:
 
UC Transfer:Effective:Inactive:
 
C-ID:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Major Applicable Course



COURSE CONTENT

Outcomes and Objectives:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
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1. Define and describe the mechanism of action and therapeutic effect of each class of drugs.
2. Evaluate new therapeutic agents utilizing pharmacological principles.
3. Discuss the dental implications of each drug classification and how these implications affect and modify dental hygiene care.
4. List factors that influence the pharmacokinetics of drugs.
5. Describe adverse reactions and general methods of toxicity prevention.
6. Describe the mechanism and classification of drug interactions.
7. List the sources of drug information and demonstrate the use of these sources.
8. List the routes of drug administration.
9. Identify and define the parts of a prescription.
10. List common abbreviations, nomenclature and measurement systems used in prescription writing.
11. Identify the regulatory agencies and laws pertaining to prescribing and use of drugs.
12. Describe the dental implications of drug abuse and the possible modifications to patient management.
13. Recognize and describe the management of medical emergency situations resulting from the administration and/or use of drugs.
14. Describe common oral conditions and list the medications used to treat these conditions.
15. List common medications and the usual dosage forms used in dentistry.
16. Provide appropriate instructions for compliance to patient taking common medications used in dentistry.
17. List the forms of medications and the usual dosage form used in dentistry.
18. Discuss medications regarding the pregnant or lactating patient.

Topics and Scope
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1.  General Principles
  A.Pharmacology for the dental hygienist
  B.Critical review of drug information
  C.Sources of drug information
  D.Drug related web and software based information sources
  E.Drug nomenclature
  F.State and Federal regulation
2.  Prescription Writing
  A.Metric  and traditional system
  B.Abbreviations
  C.Parts of the prescription
  D.Drug regulation
  E.Drug abusers/abuse potential
3.  Characterization of Drug Action
  A.Biochemical actions
   B.Physiologic effects
  C.Organ system effects
  D.Dose-effect curve
      1. Potency
      2. Efficacy
4.  Mechanism of Drug Action
  A.Nerve transmission
  B.Receptors
5.  Drug Administration and Dosage
   A. Routes of drug administration
      1. Enteral                         
      2. Oral
      3. Rectal
   B. Dosage forms
      1. Forms available
      2. Usual dosage forms in dentistry
6. Pharmacokinetics
  A.Passage across body membranes
  B.Absorption
   C.Distribution
  D. Half-Life
  E.Blood-brain barrier
  F.Redistribution
   G.Metabolism (biotransformation)
  H.Excretion
  I.Factors that alter drug effects
      1.  Adult and pediatric dosage calculation
      2.  Age
      3.  Disease states
7.  Adverse Reactions
  A.Definitions and classifications
  B.Clinical manifestation of adverse reactions
   C.Local effect
  D.Drug interactions
   E.Allergic reactions
   F.Idiosyncrasy
  G.Toxicological evaluation
8. Medical Emergencies and Pharmacology in the Dental Office
  A. Emergency kit
      1. Equipment
      2. Specific drugs and clinical uses
  B. Emergency management policies and protocol
9. Pharmacology and the Peripheral Nervous System
   A.Sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic nervous system review
  B. Adrenergic and anti-adrenergic drugs
  C. Cholinergic and anti-cholinergic drugs
  D. Ganglionic drugs
  E. Neuromuscular blocking drugs
   F.Dental implications
10. Pharmacology and the Central Nervous System
  A. Anticonvulsant drugs
  B. Drug interactions
   C.General anesthetics
  D.Ethanol
  E.Dental implications
11. Psychotherapeutic Pharmacology
  A.Antipsychotic drugs
  B.Antidepressive drugs
  C.Antianxiety agents
  D.Dental implications
12. Pharmacology and Pain Control
  A.Opiod (narcotic) analgesics
      1.Sedative-hypnotic agents
      2. Acute narcotic poisoning
                 3. Narcotic antagonists
  B.Non-Opiod (non-narcotic) analgesic
      1.Salicylates
      2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory
      3. Acetaminophen
      4. Local anesthetics
  C.Dental implications
13. Pharmacology of Heart Medications
  A.Cardiac glycosides
  B.Treatment of congestive heart failure (CHF)
  C.Cardiac function
  D.Vasodilator therapy
  E.Antiarrhythmic and antianginal drugs
  F.Dental implications
14. Pharmacology and the Vascular and Renal system
  A.Diuretics
   B.Electrolytes
   C.Antihypertensive drugs (centrally and peripherally acting)
  D.Anticoagulants and coagulants
  E.Antihyperlipidemic agents
  F. Dental implications
15. Pharmacology and the Respiratory System
  A.Antiallergic and antihistaminic drugs
  B.Bronchodilators
  C.Anti-inflammatory drugs
  D.Treatment of asthma
  E.Dental implications
16. Pharmacology and the Gastro-Intestinal Tract
  A.Antiulcer therapy
  B.Antidiarrheals
  C.Laxatives and cathartics
  D. Dental implications
17. Pharmacology and the Endocrine System
   A.Adrenocorticosteroids
   B.Hormones
  C.Diabetes therapy
   D.Oral contraceptives
  E.Thyroid drugs
  F.Dental implications
18. Pharmacology and Infectious Disease
  A.Antibiotic therapy
   B.Antibiotic prophylaxis
  C.Antimicrobial agents
  D.Antifungal agents
  E.Antiviral and antiprotozoal drugs
  F.Antiseptics and disinfectants
  G.Dental implications
19. Antineoplastic agents and Dental Implications
20. Pharmacology and the Immune System
  A.Aids/HIV
  B.Immunopharmacology
  C.Anti-inflammatory agents
  D. Dental implications
21. Herbs, Homeopathy, Alternative Medicine and OTC's
  A.Vitamins and minerals
   B.Herbal treatments
  C.Homeopathic treatment
  D.Biological basis for alternative therapies
  E.Over-the-counter (OTC) medications
  F.Oral health care products
  G.Dental implications
22.  Common Drugs used in Dentistry      
23.  Common Oral Conditions and Medications used in their Treatment
24.  Pharmacology and Pregnancy
  A.Fetal development
  B.Lactation

Assignments:
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Reading assignments 20-30 pages per week
1 drug reference material assignment
8-10 quizzes, 1 midterm and 1 final

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
0 - 0%
None
This is a degree applicable course but assessment tools based on writing are not included because problem solving assessments are more appropriate for this course.
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
25 - 35%
Drug reference material assignment
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
0 - 0%
None
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
65 - 75%
Quizzes, midterm and final
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 0%
None


Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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Oral Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist, M. Weinberg, C. Westphal-Theile, J. Burke Fine. 2nd Edition, 2012, Pearson
Instructor prepared materials

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