At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
1. Examine the history of sport and exercise psychology as a science and practice.
2. Describe what sport and exercise psychology specialists do.
3. Examine theories and application of personality development on being an athlete.
4. Explain basic learning principles that shape sport behavior.
5. Examine the effects of anxiety and arousal on competitive performance.
6. Compare and contrast the principles and effectiveness of "goal setting."
7. Describe contemporary approaches to anxiety reduction and performance enhancement.
8. Examine motivation theories and their application to sport performance.
9. Identify the social and psychological dimensions of sport.
10. Examine aggression and its relationship to sport behavior.
11. Distinguish between accurate and misinformation about the "minority" athlete.
12. Examine the psychological concepts of high-risk sports and the elite athlete.
13. Identify performance-enhancing drugs and affects on sport behavior.
14. Describe the socialization and psychological variables in the female sport experience.
15. Identify the relationship between good communication skills, effective coaching, and athlete
16. Define the affective benefits of physical fitness and exercise psychology.
17. Examine the psychological growth and maintenance of good sporting behavior.
I. Introduction to Sport and Exercise Psychology
A. Main Theoretical Elements of Psychology
B. Define Sport and Exercise Psychology
C. Review the History of Sport and Exercise Psychology
D. Distinguish Between Two Specialties
E. Understand Correlation Between Science and Practice
II. Professional Issues in Sport Psychology
A. Training for the Profession
B. Ethical Principles
C. Employment Opportunities
III. Personality and Sport
A. Define Personality Structure
B. Cognitive Strategies and Success
C. Identifying Athletes' Role in Understanding Personality
IV. Behavioral Principles and Applications
A. Classical Conditioning and Operant Learning Theories
B. Behavioral Coaching Techniques
C. Conditioned Reinforcers
D. Learned Helplessness
V. Anxiety and Arousal
A. Effects of Anxiety on Competitive Performance
B. Effects of Arousal on Competitive Performance
C. Psychological Measures of Anxiety and Arousal
D. The Inverted-U Hypothesis
VI. Goal-Setting System for Sports
A. Principles of Goal Setting
B. Common Problems in Goal Setting
C. Setting Performance Goals in Sport
VII. Anxiety Reduction and Stress Management
A. Defining Stress and Measuring Anxiety
B. Identifying Sources of Stress
C. Mental Toughness and Hypnosis
D. Yoga, Zen, and Transcendental Meditation
VIII. Motivation and Sport
A. Attribution Theory and Need Achievement
B. Locus of Control and Self Theory
C. Using Achievement Motivation in Professional Practice
D. Collective or Team Efficacy
IX. Social Psychology of Sport
A. Leadership and Group Cohesion
B. Research on the Multidimensional Model of Sport Leadership
C. Four Components of Sport and Exercise Leadership
D. Interactive Audience Effects on Sport Performance
X. Aggression: Dimensions and Theories
A. Provoked and Unprovoked Aggression
B. Hostile Aggression and Sport Assertiveness
E. Theories of Aggression
D. Sport-Related Variables Affecting Aggression
XI. Minority Athletes
A. The African American Athlete
B. The Hispanic Athlete
C. The Asian American Athlete
D. The Native American Athlete
E. The Gay Athlete
XII. High-Risk Sport and The Elite Athlete
A. Correlation Between Participation and Performance in High-Risk Sports
B. Research on Exceptional Performance
C. Kroll's Personality Performance Pyramid
XIII. "Doping" in Sports
A. "Win-At-All-Cost" Philosophy
B. Substances and Methods Prohibited at All Times
C. Substances Prohibited In and Out of Competition
D. Efforts to Control Doping in Sports
XIV. The Female Sport Experience
A. Historical and Current Issues of Women's Sports
B. Socialization of Women Into Sport
C. Psychological Variables
D. Traditional Gender Role Expectations
XV. Communication, Effective Coaching, and Athlete Performance
A. Sending and Receiving Messages Effectively
B. Recognizing Breakdowns in Communication
C. Delivering Constructive Criticism
D. Components of Effective Communication
XVI. Exercise and Psychological Well-Being
A. Reducing Anxiety and Depression With Exercise
B. Changing Personality and Cognitive Functioning with Exercise
C. Understanding Exercise's Effect on Psychological Well-Being
D. Using Exercise as an Adjunct to Therapy
XVII. Facilitating Psychological Growth and Understanding
A. Burnout and Overtraining
B. Managing Eating Disorders and Substance Abuse
C. Character Development and Good Sporting Behavior
The Winning Spirit: Sixteen Timeless Principles that Drive Performance Excellence. Montana, Joe and Mitchell, Tom. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. 2016
Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 6th ed. Weinberg, Robert and Gould, Daniel. Human Kinetics. 2015
Exploring Sport and Exercise Psychology. Raalte, Judy and Brewer, Britton. APA Books. 2014
Sport Psychology: Performance Enhancement, Performance Inhibition, Individuals, and Teams. 2nd ed. Gallucci, Nicholas. Psychology Press. 2013 (classic)
Winning Spirit Business: Finding Your Performance Edge. Mitchell, Tom and Hoskinson, Hilleary. CreateSpace Independent Publishing. 2013 (classic)