Upon successful completion of this course the student will be able to:
1. Select quality trees and other woody plants for optimum performance in
2. Evaluate the planting site to determine how plants will respond and/or
how to mitigate site conditions.
3. Prepare a site to improve plant performance and ease of maintenance.
4. Recommend proper use of staking or guying for newly planted trees.
5. Compare and contrast planting and transplanting methods for a variety
of trees and shrubs.
6. Determine nutrient needs and toxicity problems for woody plants and
recommend treatment to correct nutrient deficiencies.
7. Evaluate factors that affect water use by plants and determine minimum
water needs and methods of applying water.
8. Manage soil conditions for favorable plant growth.
9. Describe basic concepts of pruning and current pruning standards.
10. Evaluate tree structure and response to pruning.
11. Describe the role of growth regulating hormones in maintaining a
favorable root to shoot ratio.
12. Determine which plant growth 'stimulants' and soil applied amendments
work and which do not.
13. Evaluate environmental and biological factors that increase
susceptibility to insect and disease pests and influence tree failure.
14. Describe structural defects that increase hazard tree potential.
15. Discuss the methodology and current technology for assessing and
mitigating tree hazard potential.
16. Decide on best management practices for maintaining landscape trees
17. Summarize concepts of fire-safe landscaping.
I. Introduction to arboriculture
1. Improved health
5. Reduces maintenance costs
II. Role of trees in the environment
B. Psychological and human health
C. Environmental Benefits
A. Tree structure and function
B. Plant distribution and ecology
C. Plant selection
1. Assessing environmental conditions
2. Types of plant material
3. Selecting quality plant material
4. Planting specifications
IV. Planting Site
F. Existing plants
G. Site preparation
V. Planting and Transplanting
A. Container grown
B. Balled and burlap
C. Bare root
D. Boxed specimens
E. Moving large trees
F. Special planting situations
G. Training, staking and support methods
VI. Nutrient Management
A. Relationship among soil characteristics
B. Roots, mineral elements, and plant physiology
C. Soil analysis
D. Role of soil microorganisms
E. Nutrition and soil tilth
F. Importance of organic matter
G. Importance of mulching
VII. Soil and Soil Management
A. Mitigating compacted soil
B. Mulching and vertical mulching
C. Bare soil
D. Use of the 'tree spade'
E. Soil needle
VIII. Water Management
A. Estimating minimal water needs
B. Soil characteristics and water availability
C. Application methods
D. Salinity and reclaimed water
E. Improving soil conditions to increase water availability
2. Wetting agents
4. Soil conditioners
IX. Plant competition
A. Turf and other ground covers
A. General concepts
B. Response and negative impacts
C. Destructive pruning practices
D. Current standards
E. Types of pruning
XI. Chemical Control of Plants
A. To manage plant growth
B. Root initiation
C. Shorten shoot growth
D. Manage sprouting
F. Manage invasive roots in sewer pipes
XII. Hazard tree management
A. Ecological and environmental factors that increase potential for
1. Root disease
2. Heart rots
4. Structural defects
XIII. Mitigating hazard potential
E. Crown reduction
XIV. Diagnosing Plant Problems
A. Abiotic factors
B. Biotic factors
XV. Common diseases and insect pests
A. Common diseases
3. Decay causing pathogens
B. Common causes
C. Common insect pests
1. Sap feeders
3. Bark beetles and borers
D. Review of the common tree's pests
XVI. Integrated pest management
A. Tree-health based practices to improve natural pest resistance
1. Minimize stress
2. Encourage normal growth
B. Review of pest management methods
XVII. Best management practices for maintaining landscape trees and plants
XVIII. Concepts of fire-safe landscaping
Harris, Richard W., Arboriculture: Integrated Management of Landscape
Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. 3rd ed. Prentice Hall, Inc. 1999.
Hartman, J., Pirone, T. Pirone's Tree Maintenance, 7th ed. Prentice Hall,