SRJC Course Outlines

9/27/2022 5:10:47 AMBIO 25 Course Outline as of Spring 2004

Changed Course
CATALOG INFORMATION

Discipline and Nbr:  BIO 25Title:  MARINE BIOLOGY  
Full Title:  Marine Biology
Last Reviewed:4/8/2019

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum4.00Lecture Scheduled3.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled52.50
Minimum4.00Lab Scheduled3.006 min.Lab Scheduled52.50
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total6.00 Contact Total105.00
 
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  105.00Total Student Learning Hours: 210.00 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade or P/NP
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 
Formerly: 

Catalog Description:
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Introduction to biological oceanography, natural history, taxonomy and ecology of major plant and animal groups of the world's oceans with emphasis on the Pacific Coast of North America.  Examines human interactions with, and impacts upon, the marine environment.

Prerequisites/Corequisites:


Recommended Preparation:
Eligibility for ENGL 100 or ESL 100

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
Introduction to biological oceanography, natural history, taxonomy, and ecology of major plant and animal groups of the world's oceans with emphasis on the Pacific Coast of North America.
(Grade or P/NP)

Prerequisites:
Recommended:Eligibility for ENGL 100 or ESL 100
Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:CSU;UC.
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP

ARTICULATION, MAJOR, and CERTIFICATION INFORMATION

Associate Degree:Effective:Fall 1981
Inactive: 
 Area:C
H
Natural Sciences
Global Perspective and Environmental Literacy
 
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 B2Life ScienceFall 1981
 B3Laboratory Activity  
 
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 5BBiological SciencesFall 1981
 5CFulfills Lab Requirement  
 
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
 
UC Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
 
C-ID:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Not Certificate/Major Applicable



COURSE CONTENT

Outcomes and Objectives:
Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:
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Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
1.  Describe and explain the physical and geological aspects of the
   world's oceans and how they influence the success and distribution
   of marine life.
2.  Describe how tides, currents, and waves are formed and distributed,
   and how each effects the circulation and distribution of nutrients
   and organisms in the sea.
3.  Describe the characteristics of life and explain basic cell structure
   and properties including photosynthesis and cell respiration.
4.  Compare and contrast the mechanisms of evolution and explain how they
   lead to diversity of marine life.
5.  Explain the role and significance of nutrient cycles in the sea,
   relate these cycles to photosynthesis, primary production, secondary
   production, and trophic structure, and analyze human impacts on these
   cycles.
6.  Describe the concepts of zonation, ecological succession, and
   population growth and regulation in marine ecosystems.
7.  Compare and contrast the types, roles, and life histories of the major
   groups of marine organisms in marine ecosystems.
8.  Compare and contrast the structure, distribution, and trophic
   relationships of selected marine communities, including the intertidal
   zone, subtidal kelp forests, estuaries, coral reefs, and the deep sea.
9.  Evaluate the impact of human activities on the marine communities
   listed above and describe methods used to mitigate these impacts and
   to restore these habitats.
10. Compare the types, distributions and adaptations of the major groups
   of the nekton, including marine tetrapods.
11. Analyze and explain marine fisheries methods and problems of
   management and overexploitation.
12. Analyze and explain the problems and issues of toxic pollutants in
   marine ecosystems and compare and contrast methods used to reduce
   these impacts.
13. Analyze and explain the effectiveness of marine conservation methods
   including marine protected areas.
14. Effectively communicate biological observations from activities in
   the field.

Topics and Scope
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LECTURE MATERIAL:
1.  The ocean as a habitat
   a. Light and temperature
   b. Dissolved gases
   c. Pressure changes with depth
   d. Salinity, temperature, and density
   e. Stratification of the ocean
2.  Marine geology
   a. Plate tectonics
   b. The sizes of ocean basins and distributions of continents, past
      and present
3.  Physical oceanography
   a. Tides
   b. Currents
   c. Waves
4.  Properties of life
   a. Characteristics of life
   b. Overview of cell structure: eukaryotic and prokaryotic
   c. Overview of cell respiration and photosynthesis
5.  Evolution and systematics of marine organisms
   a. Mechanisms of evolution
   b. Diversity of marine organisms
   c. Biological species concept and methods of taxonomy and
      systematics
6.  Nutrient cycles
   a. Nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon cycles
   b. Human impacts on the nutrient cycles listed above, including
      global warming and eutrophication caused by fertilizers and
      sewage
   c. Upwelling and El Nino (ENSO) events
7.  Marine Ecology
   a. Primary and secondary production distribution: patterns and
      causes
   b. Food chains, food webs, and trophic hierarchies
   c. Energy flow through ecosystems
   d. Principles of population biology including the concept of
      carrying capacity
   e. Habitat disturbance (natural and human impacts) and succession
8.  Marine plants, protists, and bacteria
   a. Vascular plants in the sea: the seagrasses and mangroves
   b. Protists in the sea: macroalgae and phytoplankton diversity
   c. Bacteria in the sea: importance in primary production and
      nutrient cycles
9.  Kelp forest ecology
   a. Kelp forest structure: physical and biological factors
   b. Human impacts including harvesting of the kelp itself and its
      inhabitants, habitat destruction, and removal of keystone
      predators
   c. Interrelationship of this habitat with other marine and
      terrestrial habitats, discussion of how human impacts in this
      habitat ultimately impacts other habitats
10. Intertidal community structure
   a. Intertidal structure: physical and biological factors, zonation
      patterns
   b. Human impacts including harvesting and habitat destruction
   c. Interrelationship of this habitat with other marine and
      terrestrial habitats, discussion of how human impacts in this
      habitat ultimately impacts other habitats
11. Coral reefs
   a. Coral reef structure: physical and biological factors including
      the importance of zooxanthellae
   b. Human impacts including harvesting (including dynamite fishing
      and cyanide fishing practices), habitat destruction,
      sedimentation, eutrophication, and global warming
   c. Interrelationship of this habitat with other marine and
      terrestrial habitats, discussion of how human impacts in this
      habitat ultimately impacts other habitats
12. Estuaries
   a. Estuary structure: physical and biological factors
   b. Human impacts including harvesting and habitat destruction
   c. Interrelationship of this habitat with other marine and
      terrestrial habitats, discussion of how human impacts in this
      habitat ultimately impacts other habitats
13. Deep water ecology
   a. Physical and biological components of deep sea environments
      including benthic and non-benthic types
   b. Hydrothermal vents, cold seeps and chemosynthesis
   c. Human impacts including harvesting and habitat destruction
   d. Impact of whaling on the deep-sea benthic community
14. Marine nekton
   a. Diversity of fish species
   b. Diversity of marine tetrapods including human impacts on tetrapod
      populations caused by harvesting and habitat destruction
   c. Osmoregulatory and thermoregulatory adaptations of the nekton
15. Fisheries
   a. Maximum sustainable yield
   b. Historical fisheries practices and collapses, causes and
      consequences
   c. Current problems related to overexploitation and new methods of
      stock management
   d. Aquaculture promise and problems including genetically modified
      organisms
16. Ocean pollution
   a. Sources and types of pollution
   b. Impact of toxins on marine organisms including the concept of
      biological magnification
17. Marine Conservation and Protected Areas
   a. History of marine resource use
   b. Current methods used to protect marine habitats and resources
      worldwide including marine reserves and marine sanctuaries.
LABORATORY/FIELD MATERIAL:
1.  Compound and dissecting microscope
2.  Analysis of sea water
3.  Osmoregulation in marine animals
4.  Taxonomy of marine organisms
5.  Major marine animal groups
   a. Sponges
   b. Cnidarians
   c. Mollusks
   d. Arthropods
   e. Echinoderms
6.  Major marine plant groups
   a. Vascular plants: sea grasses
   b. Macroalgae
7.  Phytoplankton collection and review
8.  Zooplankton - collection and review
9.  Intertidal zonation - zone indicators in rocky intertidal and
   mudflats
10. Marine fish
11. Marine birds
12. Marine mammals
13. Fisheries
14. Marine pollution

Assignments:
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1.  Read textbooks and scientific articles
2.  Field/lab study and report/paper analysis and writing
3.  Library research paper or data analysis and interpretation reports
   required.

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
15 - 30%
Lab reports, Term papers, FIELD NOTEBOOKS
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
10 - 15%
Field work, Laboratory work
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
5 - 15%
Field work
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
50 - 70%
Multiple choice, True/false, Matching items, Completion, Essay
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 0%
None


Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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MARINE BIOLOGY: Castro and Huber, Third Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2000
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE BIOLOGY OF MARINE LIFE, Seventh Edition, by James
Sunrich, McGraw-Hill Publishers, 1999
MARINE BIOLOGY AN ECOLOGICAL APPROACH, Fifth Edition, by James Nybakken,
Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. Publishers, 2001
MARINE BIOLOGY:  FUNCTION, BIODIVERSITY, ECOLOGY, by Jeffery Levinton,
Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2001
ISSUES IN OCEANOGRAPHY, 2nd Edition, by Abel, McConnell, and Koepfler,
Prentice Hall Publishers, 2001.

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