SRJC Course Outlines

7/24/2024 1:40:02 AMVIT 52 Course Outline as of Summer 2024

Changed Course

Discipline and Nbr:  VIT 52Title:  VITICULTURE: SPRING PRAC  
Full Title:  Viticulture: Spring Practices
Last Reviewed:9/13/2021

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum3.00Lecture Scheduled2.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled35.00
Minimum3.00Lab Scheduled3.0015 min.Lab Scheduled52.50
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total5.00 Contact Total87.50
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  70.00Total Student Learning Hours: 157.50 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade Only
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 
Formerly:  AG 57B

Catalog Description:
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Viticulture practices for spring including vineyard establishment, training, pest control, soils, frost protection, irrigation practices, quality control measures and vineyard equipment use.  


Recommended Preparation:
Eligibility for ENGL 100 or ESL 100

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
Viticulture practices for spring including vineyard establishment, training, pest control, soils, frost protection, irrigation practices, quality control measures and vineyard equipment use.
(Grade Only)

Recommended:Eligibility for ENGL 100 or ESL 100
Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:CSU;
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP


Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
UC Transfer:Effective:Inactive:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Both Certificate and Major Applicable


Student Learning Outcomes:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
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1. Identify and describe vineyard practices appropriate to late winter and spring time period.
2. Describe the steps required to design a new vineyard, including all compliance requirements.
3. Develop a fertilization and vine mineral nutrition plan for a vineyard.
4. Describe various canopy management techniques and methods for their evaluation.
5. Evaluate spring practices performed and give recommendations for fruit quality improvement.

Objectives: Untitled document
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
1. Identify grapevine structures and their functions.
2. Evaluate various methods of pruning as they relate to quality grape production.
3. Evaluate approaches to weed control and pest management using recommend appropriate methods.
4. Identify pest and disease symptoms common in the spring vineyard and recommend appropriate control methods.
5. Compare and contrast the different methods of frost control.
6. Develop an effective fertilization plan for a vineyard.
7. Determine appropriate irrigation system maintenance methods for a vineyard.
8. Describe grapevine canopy management techniques for improving fruit quality.
9. Evaluate specific grapevine canopy management techniques for improving fruit quality.
10. Identify various red cultivars, white cultivars, rootstocks and Vitis species by sight.
11. Identify and describe pieces of vineyard machinery and equipment.
12. Schedule appropriate vineyard farming and management practices for late winter/spring.

Topics and Scope
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I. Grapevine Anatomy, Physiology and Stages of Growth
    A. Internal and external structures
    B. Functions of vine tissues
    C. Spring growth cycle
    D. Eichorn-Lorenz (E.L.) numbers and practical use
II. Pruning Principles
    A. Pruning safety
    B. Types of pruning
         1. Cordon pruning
         2. Cane pruning
    C. Vine balance for improving wine quality  
III. Frost Protection
    A. Types of frost events
    B. Temperature inversion
    C. Latent heat of vaporization
    D. Indirect frost protection methods
    E. Direct frost protection methods
IV. Vineyard Mechanization
    A. Tractors
    B. Implements
         1. Cultivation
         2. Spraying
         3. Canopy manipulation
V. Weed Identification
    A. Common vineyard weeds
         1. Monocot vs. Dicot
         2. Annuals, bi-annuals, perennials
    B. Weed control options
VI. Reading and Interpreting Pesticide Labels
    A. Cautionary statements
    B. Safety and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
    C. Application rate and dilution per acre
    D. Environmental hazards
    E. Tank mix compatibility
    F. Maximum application per season
    G. Managing pesticide resistance
VII. Propagation and Nursery Operations
    A. Principles of vine propagation
    B. Propagation wood
         1. Scion cuttings
         2. Rootstock cuttings
     C. Types of vines available
         1. Dormant bench-grafted vines
         2. "Greengrowers" grafted vines
    D. Clean wood and virus testing   
VIII. Determination of Percentage Budburst
    A. Sampling strategies
    B. Record keeping
         1. Block level
         2. Phenological stages and E.L. numbers
IX. Vineyard Soil Testing
    A. Vineyard soil health definitions
    B. Various soil tests
    C. Criteria for required soil amendments applications
    D. Criteria for required fertilizer applications
X. Vineyard Development
    A. New planting vs. replanting
    B. Design
         1. Spacing, trellis and row direction choices
         2. Rootstock, cultivar and clone choices
         3.  Mechanical harvest planning
    C. Compliance
         1. County permits
         2. Biological assessment requirements
XI. Vineyard Pest & Disease Management
    A. Identification of vineyard pests and diseases
    B. Scouting for vineyard pests and diseases
    C. Optimum timings for control strategies
    D. Various types of control strategies
         1. Organic, sustainable, biodynamic, Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
         2. Biological control
         3. Cultural controls
         4. Mechanical and physical controls
         5. Chemical controls
XII. Irrigation System Maintenance and Monitoring
    A. Water delivery systems
         1. Pumps
         2. Water filters
         3. Pressure Regulators
         4. Valves and Gauges
         5. Chemical Injectors
    B. Various irrigation systems
         1. Drip systems
         2. Sprinkler systems
    C. Measuring irrigation system efficiency
         1. Distribution uniformity
         2. Seasonal strategies for testing irrigation system
XIII. Bud Fruitfulness
    A. Definition of bud fruitfulness
    B. Timing and vineyard practices that contribute to bud fruitfulness
    C. Measuring cluster counts accurately
    D. Shoot to cluster ratios
XIV. Vine Mineral Nutrition
    A. Required vine nutrients and critical levels
    B. Vine tissue testing
         1. Timing
         2.  Petiole vs blade sampling
    C. Interpreting lab reports
    D. Making appropriate fertilization recommendations according to lab report data.
XV. Vine Training
    A. Canopy management techniques
         1. Shoot thinning
         2. Cluster thinning
         3. Suckering and weak/short shoot removal
         4. Shoot positioning
    B. Canopy evaluation
         1. Richard Smart Vineyard Scorecard
         2. Patrick Iland Vineyard and Berry Evaluation Scorecard
XVI. Cultivar, Rootstock and Vitis Species Identification
    A. Wine grape cultivars
         1. Red
         2. White
         3. Selecting suitable cultivars for the growing region
    B. Rootstocks
         1. Parentage
         2. Selecting suitable rootstocks for the soil type and potential soil problems
    C. Vitis Species
        1. Origins
        2. Characteristics
        3. Usefulness for breeding new rootstocks
XVII. Fruit Quality Assurance Planning
    A. Working with the winemaker and winery client
    B. Identifying potential vineyard problems that limit fruit quality
    C. Correlating specific vineyard practices that affect fruit quality
    D. Identifying specific vineyard practices that will improve fruit quality
All lab topics will be aligned with lecture topics.

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1. Weekly reading (25 - 50 pages)
2. Weekly homework exercises (2 - 5 pages)
3. Weekly lab reports (3 - 6 pages)
4. Lab activities will include:
    A. Herbicide Spray recommendation for a vineyard block
    B. Designing a new vineyard planting plan
    C. Developing an irrigation system maintenance plan
    D. Interpreting a Vine Mineral Nutrition Lab Report and making appropriate fertilizer recommendations
    E. Pruning and training grapevines
5. One midterm and one final exam

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
10 - 20%
Weekly homework exercises
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
50 - 65%
Lab reports and activities
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
10 - 15%
Pruning and training grapevines
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
15 - 30%
Midterm, Final Exam
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 0%

Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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Instructor provided materials, weekly pdf files.

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