SRJC Course Outlines

12/9/2022 7:00:11 AMRADT 63A Course Outline as of Fall 2018

Changed Course
CATALOG INFORMATION

Discipline and Nbr:  RADT 63ATitle:  RAD PHYSICS/IMAGING SYST  
Full Title:  Radiation Physics and Medical Imaging Systems
Last Reviewed:8/28/2017

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum3.00Lecture Scheduled2.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled35.00
Minimum3.00Lab Scheduled3.0017.5 min.Lab Scheduled52.50
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total5.00 Contact Total87.50
 
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  70.00Total Student Learning Hours: 157.50 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade Only
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 
Formerly: 

Catalog Description:
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Digital aspects of radiography, principles of radiographic exposure and formulation of radiographic technique. Principles of general and applied physics, electromagnetics, digital imaging, electrostatics, x-ray tube quality control, radiologic equipment and accessories, and imaging equipment and accessories.

Prerequisites/Corequisites:
Course Completion of RADT 61A and Concurrent Enrollment in RADT 61B and RADT 71B


Recommended Preparation:

Limits on Enrollment:
Acceptance in program

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
Digital aspects of radiography, principles of radiographic exposure and formulation of radiographic technique. Principles of general and applied physics, electromagnetics, digital imaging, electrostatics, x-ray tube quality control, radiologic equipment and accessories, and imaging equipment and accessories.
(Grade Only)

Prerequisites:Course Completion of RADT 61A and Concurrent Enrollment in RADT 61B and RADT 71B
Recommended:
Limits on Enrollment:Acceptance in program
Transfer Credit:CSU;
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP

ARTICULATION, MAJOR, and CERTIFICATION INFORMATION

Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
 Area:
 
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
 
UC Transfer:Effective:Inactive:
 
C-ID:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Both Certificate and Major Applicable



COURSE CONTENT

Student Learning Outcomes:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
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1.  Evaluate the performance of digital radiographic systems.
2.  Apply principles of radiation physics in the practice of general radiology.
3.  Process and manipulate radiographic images for diagnostic quality.
 

Objectives: Untitled document
Upon completion of this course students will be able to:
1. Explain principles of general and applied physics as they apply to radiologic technology.
2. Explain the use of radiographic equipment and accessories.
3. Describe the laws of electrostatics and their application to radiologic technology critical for
    patients.
4. Identify the components of computed and digital radiography systems.
5. Identify problem-solving remedies to digital readers.
6. Demonstrate accurate use of radiographic technique.
7. Explain electromagnetism and its implication in medical imaging.
8. Demonstrate quality control techniques in image processing and equipment.
9. List important components of a digital imaging system.
10. Identify steps of processing, manipulation, and archiving of digital images.
11. Explain the relationship between the radiation exposure and sensitivity index of image
    receptors.

Topics and Scope
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I. Fundamental Units
    A. Length
    B. Mass
    C. Time
II. Derived Units
    A. Area
    B. Volume
    C. Density
    D. Temperature
III. Systems of Measurement
    A. Conventional
    B. Metric/International System of units (SI)
IV. Electrostatics and Electromagnetism
    A. Charge
    B. Field
    C. Applications
V. Radiographic Technique
    A. Kilovoltage
    B. Milliamperage
    C. Time
    D. Phototiming
    E. Technique charts
         1. Fixed kVp (kilovoltage peak)
         2. Variable kVp
VI. X-Ray Production
    A. Source of free electrons
    B. Acceleration of electrons
    C. Focusing of electrons
    D. Deceleration of electrons
VII. Target Interactions
    A. Bremsstrahlung
    B. Characteristic
VIII. X-Ray Beam
    A. Frequency and wavelength
    B. Beam characteristics
         1. Quality
         2. Quantity
         3. Primary vs. remnant
    C. Inverse square law
    D. Fundamental properties
IX. Photon Interactions with Matter
    A. Compton
    B. Photoelectric
    C. Coherent scatter
    D. Attenuation by various tissues
X. Imaging Equipment
    A. Operating console
    B. X-Ray tube construction
    C. Automatic exposure control
    D. Manual exposure controls
    E. Beam restriction
    F. X-Ray circuitry
         1. Generator
         2. Transformer
         3. Rectification
     G. Fluoroscopic unit
         1. Image Receptor
              a. Image intensifiers
              b. Flat panel
         2. Viewing systems
         3. Recording systems
         4. Automatic brightness control
         5. Magnification mode
    H. Components of digital imaging
         1. Computed Radiography (CR) Components
         2. Direct Digital Radiography (DR) Components
XI. Image Processing and Display
    A. Raw data
    B. Corrected data
    C. Data for display
    D. Post processing
    E. Display monitors
    F. Imaging Informatics
         1. Digital Imaging Communication in Medicine (DICOM)
         2. Picture Archive Communication System (PACS)
         3. Radiology Information System (RIS) / Hospital Information System (HIS)
         4. Electronic Medical Record (EMR) / Electronic Health Record (EHR)
XII. Criteria for Image Evaluation
    A. Exposure indicator/s-value
    B. Quantum mottle
    C. Exposure error
    D. Contrast resolution
    E. Spatial resolution
    F. Distortion
    G. Identification markers
    H. Image artifacts
    I. Radiation fog
XIII. Quality Control of Imaging Equipment
    A. Beam restriction
    B. Recognition of malfunctions
    C. Digital receptors
         1. Maintenance
         2. QC tests
         3. Display monitor quality assurance
    D. Shielding accessories - lead apron and glove testing
XIV. Digital Imaging Characteristics
    A. Spatial resolution
         1. Pixels
         2. Detector elements
         3. Matrix size
         4. Sampling frequency
    B. Contrast resolution
    C. Image signal
         1. Dynamic range
         2. Quantum noise
         3. Signal to noise ratio
         4. Contrast to noise ratio
XV. Radiographic Accessories
    A. Grids
    B. Cones
    C. Screens/film
    D. Shielding
    E. Computed radiography image receptors
    F. Direct digital radiography image receptors
XVI. Units of Measurements
    A. Gray
    B. Sievert
    C. Roentgen
    D. Kerma
    E. Rad
    F. Conversion factors
 
Lab:
XVII. Laboratory Experiments
    A. Manipulation of radiographic exposure
         1. mAs
         2. kVp
         3. Source Image Receptor Difference (SID)
         4. Time
         5. Focal spot
         6. Object Image Receptor Difference (OID)
    B. Adjusting kVp to improve density, contrast and resolution
    C. Adjusting mAs to improve density, contrast and resolution
    D. Inverse square law
    E. mAs-distance conversions
    F. Spatial resolution
         1. SID
         2. OID
         3. Focal Spot
    G. Magnification
    H. Distortion
    I. Grids
    J. Collimation
    K. Control of scatter radiation

Assignments:
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Lecture Assignments:    
1. Participation in class discussion
2. Weekly chapter reading (10-40 pages/week)   
3. Quizzes (8 - 12), one mid-term and one written final
 
Lab Assignments:    
1. Complete weekly lab reports on x-ray circuitry, x-ray production, x-ray emission, technique
    factor manipulation and image quality
2. Completion of a technique chart project    
3. One final lab exam
4. Weekly chapter assignments

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
0 - 10%
Lab reports, weekly chapter assignments
This is a degree applicable course but assessment tools based on writing are not included because skill demonstrations are more appropriate for this course.
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
10 - 20%
Technique chart project
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
10 - 20%
Lab final exam
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
70 - 80%
Quizzes, mid-term, final exam
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 5%
Participation


Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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Radiologic Science for Technologists. 11th ed. Bushong, Stewart. Mosby. 2016
Radiographic Imagery and Exposure. 5th ed. Fauber, Terri. Mosby. 2016
Instructor-prepared materials

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