SRJC Course Outlines

6/17/2024 12:54:20 AMNRM 131 Course Outline as of Fall 2023

Inactive Course

Discipline and Nbr:  NRM 131Title:  TRAILS MAINT/RECONSTRUCT  
Full Title:  Park and Forest Trails Maintenance and Reconstruction
Last Reviewed:1/23/2023

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum2.50Lecture Scheduled2.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled35.00
Minimum2.50Lab Scheduled1.502 min.Lab Scheduled26.25
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total3.50 Contact Total61.25
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  70.00Total Student Learning Hours: 131.25 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade or P/NP
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 

Catalog Description:
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An introduction to the equipment, methods, techniques, and tools used in laying out, repairing, and rebuilding park and forest trails.


Recommended Preparation:
Eligibility for ENGL 100 or ESL 100

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
An introduction to the equipment, methods, techniques, and tools used in laying out, repairing, and rebuilding park and forest trails.
(Grade or P/NP)

Recommended:Eligibility for ENGL 100 or ESL 100
Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP


Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
CSU Transfer:Effective:Inactive:
UC Transfer:Effective:Inactive:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Both Certificate and Major Applicable


Student Learning Outcomes:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
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1.  Demonstrate approved and appropriate use of the equipment, methods, techniques, and tools
     used in laying out, repairing, and rebuilding park and forest trails.
2.  Construct and maintain trails in a natural setting.

Objectives: Untitled document
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
1. Explain the historical, environmental, and political issues involved in park and forest trails and
    trail works.
2. Identify and demonstrate the safe use of the basic hand and power tools commonly used in
     trail construction, maintenance and reconstruction.
3. Identify a variety of plant species (including tree species growing along the trail) and state
     whether they are native or exotic, as well as each plant's environmental requirements and
     uses (or method of eradication for noxious weeds).
4. Identify from signs along the trail (scat, tracks, rub trees,…) animal species likely to inhabit
     the general area; discuss food sources and predators for each.
5. Identify the various types of trail users and describe their impacts and any special needs [i.e.
     wheelchair accessible trails, horses need higher clearance].
6. Recognize terrain features on topographic maps (slope, drainages, …) and explain how they
     would impact trail layout, use, reconstruction.

Topics and Scope
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I. History of Trails and Trail Construction
    A. Trails before roads
    B. Animal and game trails and trail patterns
    C. Trails in other societies: The Inca trail example
II. Trails Construction Principles
    A. How trails are laid out
         1. Identification
         2. Safe use
    B. Different tools for different users on the same trail
III. The Environment
     A.  Plants
         1. Native (common and listed) and non-native species
              a. How to tell what to keep and what to remove/control
              b. Methods for invasive species removal and potential for environmental impact of
                    removal [erosion, chemical contamination if herbicide used]
              c. How to protect native plants (especially listed species)
    B. Animals
         1. Wildlife that create/use trails: how to identify from trail signs (scat, footprints)
         2. Domestic animals and their interactions with wildlife and other trail users (dogs and
               horses primarily)
    C. Land: Prescriptive use - if the public has used a trail for years it can be legal even if not
          part of a park/forest planning document
IV. Trail Users and Impacts
    A. Walk  
     B. Bike ride  
     C. Horses  
     D. Motors and engines and where they can go
V. Site Research
    A. Scale
    B. Slope - steepness of the trail itself and of the land it crosses
    C. Drainage
    D. Maps, trail logs, and profiles
VI. Project Implementation
    A. Review and post test
    B. Tool maintenance - Proper tool use and handling
         1. Cleaning
         2. Sharpening
    C. Construction of a section of trail
    D. Invasive species eradication
     E. Keeping a trail maintenance log (evaluation of project)
VII. Bring Skills Together with Job Opportunities
    A. Talks by Sonoma County Regional Parks representative
    B. Trails advocate
    C. Federal trails standards and employment opportunities
        1. NPS (National Parks Service)
        2. USFS (United States Forest Service)
        3. BLM (Bureau of Land Management)
        4. Other as determined by instructor

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1. Reading assignments (averaging 5-10 pages per week)
2. Field assignments using trail work tools
3. Field notebooks and logs, including maps and diagrams
4. Project report (including photos of work accomplished) 3-5 pages
5. Pre-test (ungraded); post-test (graded)

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
20 - 40%
Field notebook; project report.
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
0 - 0%
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
30 - 50%
Field assignments.
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
10 - 30%
Multiple choice, True/false, Matching items, Completion, Short answer.
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 0%

Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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The Complete Guide to Trail Building and Maintenance (3rd). Demrow, Carl and Salisbury, David. Appalachian Mountain Club Books: 1998 (classic)
Pacific Coast Tree Finder: A Manual for Identifying Pacific Coast Trees (2nd). Watts, Tom. Nature Study Guild: 2004 (classic)
Weed Workers' Handbook; Guide to Techniques for Removing Bay Area Invasive Plants. Holloran, Pete and Mackenzie, Anouk and Farrell, Sharon and Johnson, Doug. California Invasive Plant Council: 2004 (classic)

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