Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
1. Describe the objectives and expectations of ecosystem restoration, rehabilitation, and reclamation and the role of native plant propagation in such programs.
2. Discuss native plant uses, their advantages and disadvantages, and scientific/ethical principles for their collection and use.
3. Identify ecological zones in Sonoma County and the principle native plant species associated with those zones.
4. Employ basic techniques for native plant identification.
5. Utilize common techniques of plant propagation from seed and vegetative materials with an emphasis on species occurring in Sonoma County.
6. Select, use and manage facilities, equipment, structures, media, and other supplies appropriate for native plant propagation.
7. Collect native plant seeds and cuttings from local sites.
8. Employ proper sanitation procedures in the use of propagation materials and equipment.
9. Select native plant materials based on quality and to meet a range of ecosystem restoration objectives.
10. Implement plant labeling associated with good propagation practices and record keeping.
11. Describe various enterprises that specialize in different propagation methods to supply restoration needs.
12. Perform outplanting and field-monitoring at restoration sites.
A. Restoration, rehabilitation, and reclamation
2. Objectives and expectations
B. The role of artificial propagation and ecosystem restoration
C. Rehabilitation and reclamation
D. Why native plants?
E. Other uses of native plants
1. First Nations use
3. Commercial and institutional
4. Landscaping, etc.
F. Scientific and ethical principles of collecting plant materials for propagation
II. Ecological Zones of Sonoma County
A. Principles of species and provenance selection
1. Topography and aspect
2. Ecological succession
4. Geology and soils
5. Moisture regimes
6. Keystones and ecological function
B. Key native species for propagation by ecological zone
C. Restoration objectives
III. Plant Identification and Plant Communities
A. Botanical names of important restoration plants
B. Plant associations
C. Techniques for identification
D. Plant/soil relationships
IV. Plant Propagation
A. Propagation structures and materials
1. Propagation structures
a. Small greenhouses
b. Mist benches
c. Cold frames and shade houses
d. Nursery beds
2. Media for propagation native plants
3. Sanitation techniques in propagation
4. Soil, water and supplementary fertilizers
5. Containers for propagation native plants
6. Heating cables and pads
V. Propagation by seed
A. Plant types propagated based on restoration needs
B. Seed germination and collection
a. Environmental factors
b. Seed treatments
d. Hardening off
VI. Vegetative propagation - cutting and other types
A. Clones and genetic uniformity
B. Root inducing treatments
C. Types of cuttings
4. Dormant evergreen cuttings
5. Root cuttings
6. Propagating with rhizomes, tubers, corms, and bulbs
7. Leaf cuttings
8. Plant division
9. Ground layering and air layering
D. Greenhouse control of cuttings
1. Types of rooting media
2. Bottom heat
3. Leaf surface reduction
4. Overhead intermittent mist
VII. Propagating Special Cases
C. Sedges and rushes
VIII. Evaluation of propagation methods
B. Growing methods
C. Species selection for restoration projects
D. Producing quality plant material
E. Labeling and record keeping
IX. Post-Propagation Care
A. Types and choices of containers
B. Soil mixes
C. Pricking-out and transplanting
D. After-care of seedlings
E. After-care of cuttings
X. Enterprises Specializing in Restoration
B. Landscape design companies
C. Landscape installation and maintenance companies
D. Creating a successful restoration nursery
2. Restoration nurseries
b. Current methods
XI. Plant Salvage Considerations and Techniques
XII. Site Inventory
XIII. Outplanting Requirements and Techniques
A. Site preparation for planting
B. Field monitoring practices
C. Record keeping
A Flora of Sonoma County. Best, C., Howell, J.T., Knight, W.&I., and Wells, M. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento, Ca., 1996.
Seed Propagation of Native California Plants. Emery, Dara. Santa Barbara Botanical Garden, Santa Barbara, Ca., 1988.
The Jepson Manual. Hickman, J., editor. University of California Press, Berkeley, Ca., 1993.
Growing California Native Plants. Schmidt, Marjorie. University of California Press, Berkeley, Ca., 1981.
(Textbooks are classics in the field.)
Instructor prepared materials.