For each historical era, discussion will focus on the social and economic conditions of that era, political and religious movements, interactions of Western and non-Western cultures and musical traditions, and how all of these factors shaped the works of the prominent composers of that era.
I. Enlightenment and the Classical Era (1750-1820)
A. Operatic Music and Social Change: Gay, Gluck, et al.
B. Orchestral Music: Sammartini, Mannheim, et al.
C. Keyboard Music: D. Scarlatti, C.P.E. Bach, et al.
D. Viennese Classical Style, Forms, and Genres
E. Classical Vocal and Instrumental Music: Haydn, Mozart, et al.
F. The Music of Beethoven
1. Early Music (1770-1802)
2. Middle Period (1802-1814)
3. Late Period (1814-1827)
II. The Romantic Era (1820-1900)
A. Romanticism and Schubert
B. Music in Paris: Berlioz, Chopin, et al.
C. Leipzig and the Gewandhaus: Mendelssohn, Schumann, et al.
D. German Opera: Weber, Wagner, et al.
E. Italian Opera: Rossini, Verdi, et al.
F. Nationalism and Virtuosity: Liszt, Paganini, et al.
G. New Classicism in Vienna in the Late 19th Century: Brahms, Bruckner, et al.
H. Vienna at the Turn of the Century: Gustav and Alma Mahler
I. England at the End of the Romantic Era: Elgar, Vaughn Williams, et al.
J. Opera in Milan After Verdi: Verismo Opera and Puccini, et al.
K. Paris in the Belle Époque: Debussy, Fauré, et al.
III. Early 20th Century Music (1900-1920)
A. Richard Strauss in Berlin
B. Music in Russia During the Silver Age: Stravinsky, et al.
C. Atonality: Schoenberg, Scriabin, et al.
D. French Music at the Time of World War I: Ravel, Satie, et al.
E. Vienna in the Aftermath of War - The 12-Tone Method: Schoenberg, Webern, et al.
F. Musical Theater in Germany: Berg, Weill, et al.
G. Hungarian Folk Music: Bártok, et al.
H. Early Jazz, Ragtime, and Blues
IV. Music After World War I (1920s-1940s)
A. Music in Nazi Germany: Hindemith, et al.
B. Music in Soviet Russia: Prokofiev, Shostakovich, et al.
C. Self-Reliance in American Music: Ives, Seeger, Nancarrow, et al.
D. American Composers Return from Europe: Copland, Barber, et al.
E. Tin Pan Alley and the Broadway Musical
V. Music After World War II (1950s-Present)
A. Reflections on World War II: Britten, Penderecki, R. Strauss, Schoenberg, et al.
B. 12-Tone Music and Serialism: Babbitt, Stravinsky, Boulez, et al.
C. Chance, Electronics, Textures as Alternatives to Serialism: Cage, Varèse, et al.
D. Big Bands, Bebop, Cool Jazz
E. Live Process, Minimalism, Metric Modulations: Berio, Crumb, Reich, et al.
F. Returning to the Known Music of the Recent Past: Ligeti, Adams, Tower, Pärt, et al.