The students will:
1. Show similarities of Latin and English both in grammar and
2. Demonstrate cognates and etomologies.
3. Have drills of pronunciation and paradigms, tests of memorization
skills during each class.
4. Have group recitation of Latin readings of early Rome and its
founding and development.
5. Heavily use the blackboard and testing.
VOCABULARY - The students will:
1. Memorize, express, translate, relate construct, and value both
active and passive abilities with such vocabulary as greetings,
the alphabet, school related items and activities, the family
members, clothes, days, months, weather, clock times, numbers
(1-1000), basic foods, colors and cognates.
COMPREHENSION - The students will:
1. Recognize and understand basic classrooms instructions and simple
declarative sentences which host the vocabulary listed above, and
which are limited in their verbal usages to the present tense.
2. Recognize and understand short, coherent paragraphs or anecdotes
using high frequency or cognate vocabulary, or brief stories.
3. Items for aural comprehension should be presented at deliberate
speed and with clear but not distortedly so pronunciation.
SPEAKING - The students will:
1. Answer, identify and interpret simple, direct yes/no and content
questions in a simple way, but will show less skill in formulating
2. Students may have difficulty producing compound sentences or sentences
which require subordination, but should be able to express such
practical items as where he/she lives, how old he/she is, his/her
name, the date, his/her date of birth, and describe, say, a family
member or a familiar place.
3. In other words, studentss ability to speak will be to a large
degree a function of the questions asked of him/her.
4. Answer questions on readings.
READING - The students will:
1. Be able to read with full comprehension short passages which deal
with everyday topics or dialogues concerning daily life.
2. Items selected for reading could be heavy laden with cognates and
not involve heavily subordinated or lengthy sentences.
3. Literary passages or readings in which the element of personal
style are involved should not be used.
4. Depending upon their difficulty, newspaper items or editorials
might be used.
5. Readings should confine themselves essentially to the present
WRITING - The students will:
Of all the skills, this one will probably end up being the least well
1. Be able to write, with minimum errors in spelling and accentuation,
whatever he is able to say.
2. Brief declarative paragraphs may also be within the grasp of the
student, as long as they are confined to the present tense, deal
with a highly familiar topics, use only the vocabulary the student
controls actively, and do not involve subordination.
3. Practice such writing by attempting short letters or descriptions
of persons, places or things.
PRONUNCIATION - The students will:
1. Have been grounded in the basics of Latin pronunciation, in letter,
sound correspondences, but will be lacking in the "fine tuning"
of pronunciation which will come only with more study, exposure
2. Realize that some sounds of Latin, e.g., do not exist in English,
and that others, e.g., are somewhat differently pronounced in
Latin and English.
3. Pronunciation will not be stressed to the point to which it "cows"
the student into thinking that he pronounces badly and is, therefore,
afraid to say anything.
4. Always be understandable to a native, but may still have an English
accent much of the time.
5. Stress words correctly the majority of the time.
GRAMMAR: Students should control the following grammatical items in
a more-or-less active fashion:
1. Gender and number of adjectives and nouns, and correct position
2. Subject pronouns.
3. Present tense of verbs (reg. and many irreg.).
4. Yes/no and content question form.
6. Telling time.
7. Weather expression.
8. Idioms and near future.
9. Possessive and demons, adjs.
10. Comparisons of equality and inequality.
11. Affirmative words and their negative counterparts.
12. Direct and indirect.
13. Object pronouns.
14. Definite and indefinite articles, pastitive (sp?), and expressions
SCOPE: Scope of what is covered in Latin 1 is at a significantly
accelerated pace to a course teaching the same materials as in high
school. This course covers in a semester what is covered in two
semesters at the high school level. This range also corresponds to
about half of our college level representative text.
1. Pronunciation: Latin names, comparison between english and latin,
nominative case, case indicators.
2. Genitive Case: vocative case and apposition, person, number, and
3. Verbs: conjugation of the verb sum, ablative case; ablative of place
4. Voice, mood, and tense: formation of the present indicative,
5. Dative case: declension.
6. Second conjugation verbs, present tense: Latin word order.
7. Imperfect tense.
8. Second declension masculine nouns: masculine adjectives, ablative
9. Second declension neuter nouns and adjective: questions and
10. Second declension nouns and adjectives ending in -ius and -ium:
review of first and second declension adjectives.
11. Future tense: imperative mood, complementary infinitive.
12. Principal part of the verb: principal parts of second conjugation
13. Perfect tense: difference between perfect and imperfect tenses.
14. Pluperfect tense: ablative of accompaniment, ablative of manner.
15. Future perfect tense: formation of adverbs.
16. Summary of tenses: the meaning of synopis, auxiliary verbs.
17. Interrogative pronouns: interrogative adjectives.
18. Conjugation of possum: dative with adjectives.
19. More use of infinitive.
20. Parsing: expressions of place, review of prepositions.
21. Nouns of the third declension.
22. Third declension nouns with nominative ending in -s or -x. Neuter
nouns with consonant stems.
23. Third declension i-stems.
24. Third declension adjectives: adjectives of two terminations,
adjectives of three terminations, adjectives of one termination.
25. Formation of adverbs from third declension adjectives: ablative
26. Personal pronouns: reflexive pronouns.
27. Possessive adjectives: intensive pronoun - ipse, ipsa, ipsum.
28. Demonstratives: distinction between ejus and suus.
30. Demonstratives: hic, ille, iste.
31. The demonstrative idem: expressions of time.
32. Passive voice: ablative of agent.
33. Third conjugation.
34. Third conjugation verbs ending in io: the perfect system indicative
active of the third conjugation, ablative of place from which,
ablative of separation.
35. Fourth conjugation: the perfect system indicative active of the