SRJC Course Outlines

9/30/2022 8:34:09 AMDH 78 Course Outline as of Fall 2022

Changed Course
CATALOG INFORMATION

Discipline and Nbr:  DH 78Title:  LOCAL ANESTHESIA  
Full Title:  Local Anesthesia/Nitrous Oxide Conscious Sedation
Last Reviewed:2/7/2022

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum1.00Lecture Scheduled.7517.5 max.Lecture Scheduled13.13
Minimum1.00Lab Scheduled1.506 min.Lab Scheduled26.25
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total2.25 Contact Total39.38
 
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  26.25Total Student Learning Hours: 65.63 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade Only
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 
Formerly: 

Catalog Description:
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Students will learn techniques of pain control by the administration of local anesthetics and nitrous oxide/conscious sedation.  The course will cover treating the more complex clinical patient during advanced dental hygiene care procedures.

Prerequisites/Corequisites:
Course Completion of DH 74 and DH 75


Recommended Preparation:

Limits on Enrollment:
Acceptance in program

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
Students will learn techniques of pain control by the administration of local anesthetics and nitrous oxide/conscious sedation.  The course will cover treating the more complex clinical patient during advanced dental hygiene care procedures.
(Grade Only)

Prerequisites:Course Completion of DH 74 and DH 75
Recommended:
Limits on Enrollment:Acceptance in program
Transfer Credit:CSU;
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP

ARTICULATION, MAJOR, and CERTIFICATION INFORMATION

Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
 Area:
 
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Summer 2000Inactive:
 
UC Transfer:Effective:Inactive:
 
C-ID:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Major Applicable Course



COURSE CONTENT

Student Learning Outcomes:
Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:
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1. Demonstrate the accurate dosage and type of local anesthetic (LA) agent, based on the patient's health history and treatment needs; and effectively apply it to the dental hygiene care plan
2. Demonstrate the dental hygiene care plan and implement the safe use of LA and nitrous-oxide oxygen sedation to manage patient fear, anxiety, and/or pain in a dental clinic setting
 

Objectives: Untitled document
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1.  Describe the physiologic mechanism of nerve conduction
2.  Identify both topical and local anesthetic agents along with their indications and contraindications for use
3.  Identify and assemble the local anesthesia armamentarium
4.  Identify anatomical landmarks and nerves associated with specific areas to be anesthetized
5.  Demonstrate the safe and effective procedural techniques for each type of injection
6.  Describe various local and systemic complications that may develop after the delivery of local anesthesia
7.  Determine when administration of nitrous oxide sedation is appropriate and be able to recognize the signs and symptoms associated with safe and effective administration of nitrous oxide sedation
8.  Identify fact from fallacy the potential occupational hazards for clinicians when using nitrous oxide oxygen sedation
9.  List patient advantages and disadvantages associated with the use of nitrous oxide sedation
10. Describe the administration and monitoring of nitrous oxide sedation, and acknowledge appropriate response measures

Topics and Scope
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I. Neurophysiology       
     A. Nerve impulse: initiation & propagation       
     B. Nerve conduction       
     C. Specific Receptor Theory       
     D. Characteristics of LA molecule       
     E.  Acidic environment and LA effectiveness
 
II. Properties of LA Local Anesthesia Agents*       
     A. Maximum safe dose explained       
     B. Calculating maximum safe dose of LA
     C. Limiting agent
    D. Contraindications of topical anesthetics       
     E. Duration of LA agents
    F. Characteristics of topical anesthetics       
     G. Selecting the correct LA based on patient needs
    H. Cartridge ingrediants
 
III. Vasoconstrictors Agents*       
     A. Types of vasoconstrictors       
     B. Purpose of vasoconstrictors  
     C. Ingredients      
    D. Chemical structure of vasoconstrictor      
    E. Selection of vasoconstrictors and patient needs
     F. How epinephrine and levonordefrin work
     G. Maximum safe dose
 
VI. Absolute and Relative Contraindications
    A. Allergy
    B. Sensitivity
    C. Local anesthetic drug to drug interactions
    D. Local anesthetic drug to systemic disease interactions
 
IV. Local Anesthesia(LA) Armamentarium*       
     A. Assembly       
     B. Syringe       
     C. Needle selection
    D. Cartridge selection       
     E. Disassembly       
     F. Topical anesthetic
 
VI. Proper disposal of Local Anesthesia Cartridge and Needle*      
    A.  Sharps Disposal
     B.  Non-Hazardous Pharmaceutical Waste
 
VII. Complications*       
     A. Systemic and Local      
    B.  Management
 
VIII. Identification of Anatomical Landmarks Associated with Supplemental, Maxillary, and Mandibular Injections*      
    A.  Supraperiostial / Local infiltration
    B. Anterior middle superior alveolar nerve block with the infraorbital nerve block
    C. Middle superior alveolar nerve block
    D. Posterior superior alveolar nerve block
    E. Greater palatine nerve block
    F. Nasopalatine nerve block
    G. Inferior alveolar nerve block    
     H. Lingual nerve block
    I.  Long buccal nerve block
    J. Mental nerve block
    K. Incisive nerve block
    L. Papillary(Intraseptal)
    M. Gow- Gates
    N. Anterior Middle Superior Alveolar
 
IX.  Administration of Supplemental, Maxillary, and Mandibular Injections on a Student Partner*
    A.  Supraperiostial / Local infiltration
    B. Anterior middle superior alveolar nerve block with the infraorbital nerve block
    C. Middle superior alveolar nerve block
    D. Posterior superior alveolar nerve block
    E. Greater palatine nerve block
    F. Nasopalatine nerve block
    G. Inferior alveolar nerve block    
     H. Lingual nerve block
    I.  Long buccal nerve block
    J. Mental nerve block
    K. Incisive nerve block
    L. Papillary(Intraseptal)
 
X.  Nitrous Oxide Conscious Sedation*       
     A. History
     B. Physiology       
     C. Pharmacology
    D.  Tidal volume      
    E.  Baseline       
     F.  Indications/contraindications       
     G. Advantages/disadvantages       
     H. Equipment
    I. Scavenger systems       
     J. Hazards to personnel       
 
XI.  Administration of Nitrous Oxide Sedation*      
    A. Technique for administration       
     B. Equipment       
     C. Assembly       
     D. Fail-safe       
     E. Health history assessment
     F. Techniques       
     G. Signs and symptoms       
     H. Ideal sedation       
     I. Over-sedation       
     J. Complications       
     K. Monitoring       
     L. Oxygenation at end of procedure
       
XII. Legal and Ethical Considerations     
     A. Communication      
     B. Informed consent      
     C. Documentation      
     D. Allowable duties under Dental Practice Act     
     E. Risk reduction protocols     
     F. Post exposure management
 
*Denotes topic and subtopics taught in both lecture and clinic

Assignments:
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1. Lecture Assignments:
   a. Reading 20-40 pages
   b. Readiness assignment evaluation (RAE) (3-5)
   c. Quizzes (2-6)
   d.  Case studies (2-4)
   e.  Final exam
2. Lab Assignments:
    a. Weekly injection experience check-off (3-6)
    b. Nitrous equipment competency (1-2)
    c. Nitrous delivery competency on student partner with extra oral exam (EO) procedure
    d. Weekly lab reflections

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
10 - 15%
Case studies, RAE and lab reflections
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
0 - 0%
None
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
45 - 60%
Weekly injection experience, nitrous oxide delivery, and nitrous equipment competency
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
25 - 40%
Quizzes and final exam
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
5 - 10%
Weekly online discussions


Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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Darby and Walsh Dental Hygiene, 5th Edition Denise M. Bowen, RDH, MS and Jennifer A Pieren, RDH, MS 2020
Optional:  Located in the library: Please use call number to check-out: Call # RK510 T434 2012
Drug Information Handbook for Dentistry. (Students can access through SRJC library resource)
Instructor prepared materials on CANVAS

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