SRJC Course Outlines

7/13/2024 12:07:49 AMBIO 25 Course Outline as of Summer 2021

Changed Course

Discipline and Nbr:  BIO 25Title:  MARINE BIOLOGY  
Full Title:  Marine Biology
Last Reviewed:4/8/2019

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum4.00Lecture Scheduled3.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled52.50
Minimum4.00Lab Scheduled3.006 min.Lab Scheduled52.50
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total6.00 Contact Total105.00
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  105.00Total Student Learning Hours: 210.00 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade or P/NP
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 

Catalog Description:
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Introduction to biological oceanography, natural history, taxonomy, and ecology of major plant and animal groups of the world's oceans with emphasis on the Pacific Coast of North America. Examines human interactions with, and impacts upon, the marine environment.


Recommended Preparation:

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
Introduction to biological oceanography, natural history, taxonomy, and ecology of major plant and animal groups of the world's oceans with emphasis on the Pacific Coast of North America. Examines human interactions with, and impacts upon, the marine environment.
(Grade or P/NP)

Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:CSU;UC.
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP


Associate Degree:Effective:Fall 1981
Natural Sciences
Global Perspective and Environmental Literacy
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 B2Life ScienceFall 1981
 B3Laboratory Activity  
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 5BBiological SciencesFall 1981
 5CFulfills Lab Requirement  
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
UC Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Major Applicable Course


Student Learning Outcomes:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
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1.  Apply the scientific method, laboratory and field skills to the investigation and evaluation of
    biological phenomena in the marine environment.
2.  Synthesize knowledge of evolutionary mechanisms, trends, and history with patterns of
    marine biodiversity.
3.  Integrate basic principles of cellular processes, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and evolution
    as they apply to marine biological systems.
4.  Investigate how humans impact and are impacted by marine ecosystems.

Objectives: Untitled document
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
1. Apply the scientific method to marine biological investigation.
2. Apply laboratory and field techniques, including microscope use, sampling techniques, and
    proper note-taking, to observing, identifying, and experimenting with marine organisms and
    biological phenomenon.
3. Compare and contrast the cell structure and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and
    of plant and animal cells.
4. Compare and contrast the mechanisms of evolution and explain how they lead to the major
    evolutionary patterns and adaptations in the biodiversity of major marine taxa (domains,
    kingdoms, phyla, and class).
5. Integrate knowledge of physical and biological oceanography, including the distribution of
    nutrients and plankton in the sea.
6. Describe the concepts of zonation, ecological succession, population growth and regulation in
    marine ecosystems.
7. Understand the role of biotic and/or abiotic factors in the structure of biomes, ecosystems,
    communities, and populations, and how humans interact with these systems.
8. Compare and contrast the physical and biological structure of selected marine communities,
    including distribution and trophic relationships.
9. Analyze and explain the impact of human activities on marine communities and methods used
    to mitigate these impacts and to restore marine habitats.

Topics and Scope
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I. Science as a Process
    A. Scientific method
    B. Techniques used specifically in marine research
II. The Ocean as a Habitat
     A. Light and temperature
     B. Dissolved gases
     C. Pressure changes with depth
     D. Salinity, temperature, and density
     E. Stratification of the ocean
III. Physical Oceanography
     A. Tides
     B. Currents
     C. Waves
IV. Properties of Life
     A. Characteristics of life
     B. Overview of cell structure: eukaryotic and prokaryotic; algal and animal
     C. Overview of cell respiration and photosynthesis
V. Evolution and Systematics of Marine Organisms
     A. Mechanisms of evolution
     B. Diversity of marine organisms
     C. Species concepts and speciation
    D. Phylogeny
VI. General Marine Ecology
    A. Primary and secondary production distribution: patterns and causes
    B. Food chains, food webs, and trophic hierarchies
    C. Nutrient cycles: nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon
    D. Human impacts on the nutrient cycles listed above, including climate change and
    E. Upwelling and El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events
    F. Principles of population biology including the concept of carrying capacity
    G. Habitat disturbance and succession
VII. Marine Organisms
    A. Marine plants: the seagrasses and mangroves
     B. Protists: macroalgae, phytoplankton, protozoan zooplankton
    C. Fungi
     D. Bacteria: importance in primary production and nutrient cycles
     E. Animals: fish, marine mammals, sea turtles, marine invertebrates
VIII. Ecology of Major Habitat Types
    A. Kelp forest
     B. Intertidal: mudflats, sandy beaches, rocky intertidal
    C. Coral reefs
     D. Estuaries
     E. Pelagic: epipelagic, mesopelagic, deep sea
    F. Deep sea benthos: hydrothermal vents, cold seeps and chemosynthesis
IX. Fisheries
     A. Maximum sustainable yield
     B. Historical fisheries practices and collapses, causes and consequences
     C. Current problems related to overexploitation and new methods of stock management
     D. Aquaculture promise and problems including genetically modified organisms
X. Ocean Pollution
     A. Sources and types of pollution
     B. Impact of toxins on marine organisms including the concept of biological magnification
XI. Marine Conservation and Protected Areas
     A. History of marine resource use
     B. Current methods used to protect marine habitats and resources worldwide including marine
         reserves and marine sanctuaries.
I.    Compound and Dissecting Microscope Use
II.   Properties of Sea Water
III.  Osmoregulation in Marine Animals
IV. Taxonomy of Marine Organisms
V.  Marine Animal Groups: Anatomy, Physiology, Ecology and Field Identification including
    Class or Order Level Differences
    A. Invertebrates including: sponges, cnidarians, mollusks, arthropods, echinoderms
     B. Vertebrates including: marine mammals and birds
VI. Vascular plants: Anatomy, Physiology, Ecology, and Field Identification
VII. Macroalgae: Anatomy, Physiology, Ecology, and Field Identification
    A. Chlorophyta
    B. Phaeophyta
    C. Rhodophyta
VIII. Plankton Collection, Review, and Identification
     A. Phytoplankton
         1. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic
         2. Net plankton vs. nano plankton
    B. Zooplankton
          1. Protistan vs. animal plankton
         2. Mero plankton vs. holoplankton
IX. Intertidal Zonation: Zone Indicators in Rocky Intertidal and/or Mudflats
X.  Human Impacts on Marine Environments
    A. Fisheries and/or pollution
    B. Habitat degradation and restoration ecology

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Lecture-Related Assignments:
1. Reading: textbooks, case studies, and scientific articles (20-30 pages per week)
2. Written homework including analysis of readings (0-5 assignments)
3. Research paper that shows topic coverage and critical analysis (5-7 pages)
4. Lecture exams (2-3) and comprehensive final exam
Lab-Related Assignments:
1. Field/lab Work: Weekly laboratory experiments, observations and exercises including data
    analysis and interpretation, lab exams, and field trip notes
2. Participation: class discussion and presentations

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
15 - 20%
Research paper
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
10 - 25%
Analysis of experiments and homework problems
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
20 - 30%
Field and laboratory work
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
40 - 55%
Exams and comprehensive final exam
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 10%
Participation, class discussion and presentations

Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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Marine Biology. Castro, Peter and Huber, Michael. 11th ed. McGraw-Hill. 2018
An Introduction to the Biology of Marine Life. Morrisey, John and Sumich, James and Pinkard-Meier, Deanna. 11th ed. Jones & Bartlett Learning. 2016
Instructor prepared materials: lab manual

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