SRJC Course Outlines

6/8/2023 10:30:43 AMANSCI 91 Course Outline as of Fall 2018

Changed Course

Discipline and Nbr:  ANSCI 91Title:  RANGELAND MANAGEMENT  
Full Title:  Rangeland Management
Last Reviewed:2/12/2018

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum3.00Lecture Scheduled2.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled35.00
Minimum3.00Lab Scheduled3.008 min.Lab Scheduled52.50
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total5.00 Contact Total87.50
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  70.00Total Student Learning Hours: 157.50 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade or P/NP
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As:  NRM 91

Catalog Description:
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Basic principles of range management as they apply to various regions and vegetative types. Relationship of range management practices to livestock production, wildlife management, forestry, hydrology and other land uses. Field trip participation required.


Recommended Preparation:
Eligibility for ENGL 100 or ESL 100

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
Basic principles of range management as they apply to various regions and vegetative types. Relationship of range management practices to livestock production, wildlife management, forestry, hydrology and other land uses. Field trip participation required.
(Grade or P/NP)

Recommended:Eligibility for ENGL 100 or ESL 100
Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:CSU;
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP


Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Spring 2006Inactive:
UC Transfer:Effective:Inactive:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Both Certificate and Major Applicable


Student Learning Outcomes:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
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1.  Explain and apply basic principles of range management regarding various regions and
    vegetative types.
2.  Develop a management plan for livestock production, wildlife management, forestry,
    hydrology and other land uses.
3.  Demonstrate proficiency in range inventory and assessment methods.

Objectives: Untitled document
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1. Discuss the principles of rangeland management.
2. Differentiate among the major rangeland types.
3. Recognize the basic morphology and physiology of rangelands.
4. Analyze basic ecological factors affecting rangelands.
5. Apply concepts of range plant physiology to range management.
6. Discuss the principles and options for wildlife management and utilization on rangelands.
7. Demonstrate proficiency in range inventory and assessment methods.
8. Develop grazing management plans.
9. Determine options for managing and improving California's rangelands.

Topics and Scope
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I.  Introduction, Definition of Rangelands, Products and Uses
    A. Importance of rangeland worldwide
    B. Importance of rangeland to humans
    C. Environmental importance
    D. Rangeland management issues
II.  Rangeland Physical Characteristics
    A. Precipitation
    B. Wind
    C. Temperature
    D. Humidity
    E. Climate Types
    F. Topography
    G. Soils
    H. Influence of physical characteristics upon range animals
III. Rangeland Types
    A. Major types
         1. Grasslands
         2. Desert shrublands
         3. Savanna woodlands
         4. Forests
         5. Tundra
    B. U.S. types
         1. Tallgrass prairie
         2. Southern mixed prairie
         3. Northern mixed prairie
         4. Shortgrass prairie
         5. California annual grassland
         6. Palouse prairie
         7. Hot desert
         8. Cold desert
         9. Pinion-Juniper woodland
         10. Mountain browse
         11. Western coniferous forest
         12. Southern pine forest
         13. Eastern deciduous forest
         14. Oak woodland
         15. Alpine tundra
IV.  Range Ecology
    A. Rangeland ecosystem components and functions
    B. Succession and climax
    C. Drought
    D. Competition
    E. Plant succession
V.  Range Plant Physiology
    A. Basic concepts
    B. Uses of products of photosynthesis
    C. Food cycle and growth
    D. Factors regulated by range managers
    E. Carbohydrate reserves
    F. Plant morphology and growth
    G. Resistance to grazing
    H. Grazing optimization theory
    I. Range management principles
VI.  Herbivory
    A. Feeding strategies
    B. Foraging behavior
    C. Effects on the rangeland ecosystem
VII.  Range Inventory and Monitoring
    A. Vegetation mapping
    B. Grazing surveys
    C. Determining grazing capacity
    D. Determine grazing utilization
    E. Range condition - National Research Council procedure
VIII.  Stocking Rate (SR)
    A. Foraging strategies and effects on the rangeland ecosystem
    B. Definition of animal unit
    C. SR determined by forage production
    D. SR determines livestock productivity
    E. SR determines economic return
    F. Grazing intensity
    G. Importance of minimum residual biomass
    H. Range readiness and timing
    I. Calculation of SR - Adjustments for distance to water and slope
    J. Key-plant and key area indicators
    K. Range management principles
IX.  Grazing Methods and Livestock Distribution
    A. Continuous
    B. Deferred-rotation
    C. Merrill three-herd, four-pasture system
    D. Seasonal-suitability
    E. Best pasture
    F. Rest rotation
    G. High intensity-low frequency
    H. Short-duration
X.  Manipulation of Range Vegetation
    A. Rangeland problems in Western United States
    B. Control of unwanted plants
    C. Economic considerations
    D. Vegetation manipulation
         1. Seeding
         2. Fertilization
              a. Fire
              b. Chemical
         3. Mechanical
XI.  Range Wildlife Management
    A. Wildlife habitat monocultures
         1. Crested wheat grass
         2. Big sagebrush
    B. Impact of grazing on wildlife
         1. Direct
         2. Indirect
    C. Wildlife-livestock interactions
    D. Grazing systems to enhance wildlife
         1. Game birds
         2. Big game
    E. Brush control
    F. Game ranching
    G. Wild horses and burros
    H. Small mammal problems
    I. Rangeland management principles
All topics are covered in both the lecture and lab parts of the course.

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Lecture-Related Assignments:
1. Read 20-30 pages per week
2. Evaluate assigned location and develop an inventory, assessment, and management plan
    (5-10 pages; graded 30% writing; 70% problem solving)
3. Quizzes (2-4); midterm; final exam
Lab-Related Assignments:
1. Labs (may be conducted at Shone Farm or involve field trips (3-7) to various pasture and
    rangeland sites)
    a. Rangeland plant sample collection and identification
    b. Inventory and monitoring in the field
    c. Set up and evaluate stocking rates
    d. Set up, implement, and evaluate a grazing system
    e. Assessment of plant progression at a burn site
    f. Inventory of a rangeland parcel
2. Lab reports (graded 30% writing; 70% problem solving)

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
20 - 30%
Lab reports, Management plan
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
30 - 40%
Lab reports, Management plan
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
0 - 0%
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
30 - 40%
Multiple choice, True/false, Matching items, Completion, Short answer
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 10%
Attendance and participation

Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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Holistic Management: A Commonsense Revolution to Restore Our Environment. 3rd ed. Savory, Allan and Butterfield, Jody. Island Press. 2016
Range Management: Principles and Practices. 6th ed. Holechek, Jerry and Pieper, Rex and Herbel, Carlton. Pearson. 2010 (classic)
Rangeland Health: New Methods to Classify, Inventory, and Monitor Rangelands. National Academy Press. 1994 (classic)
Instructor prepared materials

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