1. Develop perception and awareness of visual elements of color, such
as color grading, value, the interaction of color and color harmony.
2. Develop perception and awareness of visual relationships which use
color as an organizing principle such as ariel perspective, warm and cool
colors, simultaneous contrast, and subtraction principles.
3. Become familiar with and able to describe color compositions, both
verbally and in writing using vocabulary of terms pertaining specifically
to color usage.
4. Develop hand skills necessary for basic mastery of various color
tools and media, dry and liquid.
5. Develop and exercise ability to perform analytical operations
necessary to color match by understanding value, hue and saturation.
6. Exercise ability to make critical aesthetic judgments through class
7. Cultivate an understanding of the creative color process which
includes both the development of disciplined work habits and the practice
of hand skills, as well as risk-taking and experimentation.
8. Examine and analyze examples of master color usage based on
contemporary artists and designers.
9. Define health and safety issues that could arise from the use of
color mediums. Train students to use pigments, mediums and other color
The primary intent of Art 4 is visual literacy and performance in color
usage using specific media in a studio setting. This includes:
1. The ability to recognize the basic elements of color (value, hue,
saturation, color grading, the interaction of color and color harmony.
2. The ability to make aesthetic decisions and judgments about these
elements in color composition.
3. The ability to perform specific techniques to demonstrate these
elements: color mixing, color toning, optical color toning, color
matching, optical mixing, transparent color washes.
4. The ability to intelligently use and care for the tools of Art 4.
Paint, medium, brushes, palette knife, etc.
The scope and sequence of the course will be presented as follows:
1. Through lectures and slide lectures concerning the condepts, elements
and art historical precedents of color usage.
2. Through lecture/demonstrations of the proper use of materials and
3. Through student practice and demonstration of color compositional,
expressive and technical concepts.
4. Through evaluative one-on-one discussions with individual students.
5. Through group critique discussions and presentations of in-class
and homework of color problems and assignments.
Specific areas of study within Art 4 include:
1. Present and discuss the color systems used by designers and artists
including additive and subtractive color mixing, light vs. pigment and
the color primary systems using three or six primaries.
2. Apply subtractive color mixing principles by using a limited color
palette consisting of the double primary system.
3. Create studies which demonstrate the three main properties of color:
hue, value, and saturation.
4. Diagram the ordered relationships of color by construction of a
color wheel, value scale, and graduate studies showing mixtures of tints,
shades, and tones.
5. Produce a series of original designs which investigate the major
principles of color harmony: monochrome, analogous, triad, complements,
6. Investigate the spatial effects of color including aeral perspective
and demonstrate how color may appear to advance and recede.
7. Explore the haptic sensations of warm and cool as well as synesthesia
associations (taste, smell, sound, feel) related to color.
8. Execute a series of color studies, based on the teachings of Josef
Albers, which demonstrate the relativity and interaction of color
simultaneous contrast and subtraction principles.
9. Analyze the work of George Seurat, and the color theory of other
pointillists, and then execute color study applying optical color,
painterly techniques, and mixing principles.
10. Compare paintings of the French Fauves and the German Expressionists
and create original color studies which explore the emotional and
psychological properties of color.
11. After examining the work of several artists who are important for
their unique use of color, create an interpretive "homage". Artists
may include Monet, Van Gogh, Gauguin, Matisse, Klee, Avery, Rothko