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|Discipline and Nbr:
WRITTEN & ORAL ARG.||
Critical Thinking and Argumentation
|Units||Course Hours per Week|| ||Nbr of Weeks||Course Hours Total
|Maximum||3.00||Lecture Scheduled||3.00||17.5 max.||Lecture Scheduled||52.50
|Minimum||3.00||Lab Scheduled||0||3 min.||Lab Scheduled||0
| ||Contact DHR||0|| ||Contact DHR||0
| ||Contact Total||3.00|| ||Contact Total||52.50
| ||Non-contact DHR||0|| ||Non-contact DHR Total||0
Title 5 Category:
AA Degree Applicable
Grade or P/NP
00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As:
| ||Total Out of Class Hours: 105.00||Total Student Learning Hours: 157.50||
Primary emphasis on argumentation as the study of analysis, evidence, reasoning, refutation and rebuttal, etc., in oral and written communication. Significant component of instruction in written argumentation, with special attention to the essay form. Critical thinking approaches to commercial, legal, political, and academic argumentation and persuasion.
Completion of Engl 1A or equivalent.
Limits on Enrollment:
Schedule of Classes Information
The study of argumentation with emphasis on oral & written form. Significant writing component, with focus on the student essay. Examination of commercial, legal, political & academic argumentation & persuasion.
(Grade or P/NP)
Prerequisites:Completion of Engl 1A or equivalent.
Limits on Enrollment:
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
ARTICULATION, MAJOR, and CERTIFICATION INFORMATION
Both Certificate and Major Applicable
Outcomes and Objectives:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
|Associate Degree:||Effective:||Fall 1994||Inactive:||
| Area:||B||Communication and Analytical Thinking
|CSU GE:||Transfer Area|| ||Effective:||Inactive:
| ||A3||Critical Thinking||Fall 1995||
|IGETC:||Transfer Area|| ||Effective:||Inactive:
| ||1B||Critical Thinking - English Composition||Fall 1995||
|CSU Transfer:||Transferable||Effective:||Fall 1994||Inactive:||
|UC Transfer:||Transferable||Effective:||Fall 1994||Inactive:||
| CID Descriptor: COMM 120|| Argumentation or Argumentation and Debate|| SRJC Equivalent Course(s): COMM9 OR COMM3
The student will:
A. Write frequently (a minimum of 6,000 words of edited composition),
including a sequence of substantial essays on issues that require
reasoned defense, each subsequent writing assignment adding to the
student's ability to write and reason in a more advanced way (in-
cluding, but not limited to, structure and style).
B. Identify the basic logical precepts and traditions of argumentation
in the Western rhetorical tradition.
C. Recognize the various types of propositions, remember the guidelines
for clear and effective propositions and apply such in discussion and
oral and written composition assignments.
D. Specify analytical formulas for the discovery of issues in a contro-
versy, recognize the delineation of issues in a controversy by
relevance and importance, and apply such knowledge in discussion and
oral and/or written commpositions assignments.
E. Recall the principles of effective, efficient research and information
sources useful in preparation of cases and apply such knowledge in
discussion and oral and written composition assignments.
F. Explain the concept of evidence, of various types of evidence and
their employment in argumentation, of standards for evaluation of
evidence and apply those standards in discussion and oral and/or
written composition assignments.
G. Describe the concept of reasoning, types of reasoning, the analysis
and evaluation of reasoning and apply such concepts in discussion
and oral and/or written composition assignments.
H. Recognize the concept of logical fallacy and correctly identify logical
fallacies in discussion, speeches, essays and the mass media, and
demonstrate the ability to avoid such arguments in oral and/or
I. Demonstrate the use of outlining to construct clear, organized and
complete cases, and to further develop such cases into essay form.
J. Outline refutation and rebuttal techniques and employ such techniques
in the oral and/or written attack and defense of argument.
K. Recognize the above consideration (2-10) in their application to
various contexts of argumentation (such a legal, legislative,
academic, etc.) and various forms of speaking and/or writing.
L. Participate in in-class or online discussion and debate emphasizing
the employment of argumentation principles.
M. Complete written and experiential exercises designed to develop,
demonstrate and assess student skills of argumentation.
N. Recognize the relationship between critical thinking, especially the
construction of logically sound syllogisms, and intercultural
concepts. Understand that the valid, but untrue, categorical
syllogism is the root of false stereotypes and racism.
O. Recognize and appreciate the differences in cognitive styles among
Topics and Scope
A. Philosophy of Argumentation
1. Argumentation and critical thinking.
2. Argumentation and epistemology.
3. Argumentation and political culture.
4. The roles and responsibilities of arguers.
B. Analysis in oral and written argumentation.
1. Concept of analysis of controversy.
2. Types of propositions and their effective construction, including
examination of sentence structure, and formulation and placement
of the main proposition (thesis) and supportive statements.
3. Language in argument and composition, including discussion of
functions of language: expressive, directive, interrogative;
figurative language in argument.
4. Definition in analysis.
5. Breaking down a controversy into issues, evaluating issues by
relevance and importance and the application of analytical
formulas in such contexts as the essay.
6. The principles of outlining and case construction with special
focus on the essay form.
C. Evidence in oral and written argumentation
1. Types of evidence.
2. Sources of evidence.
3. Research principles and basic reference sources.
4. Application of standards and tests to evaluate evidence used in
oral and written composition.
D. Reasoning in oral and written argumentation
1. Nature of reasoning.
2. Inductive types of reasoning with emphasis on such composition
issues as the effective use of examples.
3. Deductive types of reasoning.
4. Models of reasoning (e.g. Toulmin Model, Syllogism, etc.).
5. Standards for evaluating reasoning.
E. Logical Fallacies in oral and written argumentation
1. The concept of informal logical fallacies and propaganda devices.
2. The categories and specific types of fallacies.
3. The application of knowledge of fallacies to settings (political,
financial, academic, etc.) with special attention to the mass media.
4. Making one's own speaking/writing "fallacy free".
F. Refutation and rebuttal in oral and/or written argumentation
1. Application of knowledge of analysis, evidence, reasoning, and
logical fallacies to attack and defense.
2. Special techniques in attack and defense.
3. Attack and defense in essay form.
G. Stylistics in oral and/or written argumentation.
1. The integration of interest values, clarity, retention values,
persuasive appeal and logical cogency into effective composition.
2. Special emphasis on essay form.
H. Argumentation settings
1. In interpersonal, small-group, organizational, public, and mass-
2. In societal contexts such as law, legislative deliberation,
academic debate, political campaigns, etc.
3. Adapting strategies for effective oral and/or written argumentation
to various settings.
1 week Introduction
1 week Philisophy of Argumenation
1 week Analysis
1 week Research
1 week Evidence
2 weeks Reasoning
1 week Logical Fallacies
1 week Speech of Analysis
1 week Refutation and Rebuttal
2 weeks Speech of Advocacy
1 week Psychological Aspects
1. Experiential exercises, such as debates, simulations, etc.
2. Extensive sequential writing assignments on opposing viewpoints and
important issues; writing and rewriting of compositions, with a
minimum of 6,000 words of edited composition, excluding unedited
writing and preliminary drafts; all writing shall be at the level of
a second-semester college composition course.
3. Written analysis emphasizing analysis and evaluation of arguments
from a critical viewpoint.
4. Essay-type midterm examination based on lecture and reading.
5. Essay-type final examination based on lecture and reading.
6. Participation in simulated or actual debates in various media and
arenas, including internet, letters to the editor, local government
meetings, state government meetings, or federal government hearings.
Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Representative Textbooks and Materials:
|Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.||Writing
40 - 60%
|Written homework, Reading reports, Essay exams, Term papers, Outlines for speeches||
|Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.||Problem Solving
10 - 20%
|Homework problems, Exams, Demonstrations||
|Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.||Skill Demonstrations
20 - 30%
|Class performances, Performance exams||
|Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.||Exams
5 - 10%
|Multiple choice, True/false, Matching items, Completion||
|Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.||Other Category
0 - 0%
Freeley and Steinberg, ARGUMENTATION AND DEBATE, 10th ed., Wadsworth,
Belmont, CA, c. 1999
Rottenberg, ELEMENTS OF ARGUMENT, 5th ed., Bedford Books, Boston,
MA, c. 1997
Barnet and Bedeau, CRITICAL THINKING, READING, AND WRITING, 3rd ed.,
Bedford/St. Martins, Boston, MA, c. 1999