SRJC Course Outlines

5/18/2024 6:38:15 PMSPCH 9 Course Outline as of Fall 2000

Changed Course

Discipline and Nbr:  SPCH 9Title:  WRITTEN & ORAL ARG.  
Full Title:  Critical Thinking and Argumentation
Last Reviewed:4/9/2024

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum3.00Lecture Scheduled3.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled52.50
Minimum3.00Lab Scheduled03 min.Lab Scheduled0
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total3.00 Contact Total52.50
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  105.00Total Student Learning Hours: 157.50 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade or P/NP
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 

Catalog Description:
Untitled document
Primary emphasis on argumentation as the study of analysis, evidence, reasoning, refutation and rebuttal, etc., in oral and written communication.  Significant component of instruction in written argumentation, with special attention to the essay form. Critical thinking approaches to commercial, legal, political, and academic argumentation and persuasion.

Completion of Engl 1A or equivalent.

Recommended Preparation:

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
The study of argumentation with emphasis on oral & written form. Significant writing component, with focus on the student essay. Examination of commercial, legal, political & academic argumentation & persuasion.
(Grade or P/NP)

Prerequisites:Completion of Engl 1A or equivalent.
Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:CSU;UC.
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP


Associate Degree:Effective:Fall 1994
Communication and Analytical Thinking
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 A3Critical ThinkingFall 1995
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
 1BCritical Thinking - English CompositionFall 1995
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1994Inactive:
UC Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1994Inactive:
 CID Descriptor: COMM 120 Argumentation or Argumentation and Debate SRJC Equivalent Course(s): COMM9 OR COMM3

Certificate/Major Applicable: Both Certificate and Major Applicable


Outcomes and Objectives:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
Untitled document
The student will:
A. Write frequently (a minimum of 6,000 words of edited composition),
  including a sequence of substantial essays on issues that require
  reasoned defense, each subsequent writing assignment adding to the
  student's ability to write and reason in a more advanced way (in-
  cluding, but not limited to, structure and style).
B. Identify the basic logical precepts and traditions of argumentation
  in the Western rhetorical tradition.
C. Recognize the various types of propositions, remember the guidelines
  for clear and effective propositions and apply such in discussion and
  oral and written composition assignments.
D. Specify analytical formulas for the discovery of issues in a contro-
  versy, recognize the delineation of issues in a controversy by
  relevance and importance, and apply such knowledge in discussion and
  oral and/or written commpositions assignments.
E. Recall the principles of effective, efficient research and information
  sources useful in preparation of cases and apply such knowledge in
  discussion and oral and written composition assignments.
F. Explain the concept of evidence, of various types of evidence and
  their employment in argumentation, of standards for evaluation of
  evidence and apply those standards in discussion and oral and/or
  written composition assignments.
G. Describe the concept of reasoning, types of reasoning, the analysis
  and evaluation of reasoning and apply such concepts in discussion
  and oral and/or written composition assignments.
H. Recognize the concept of logical fallacy and correctly identify logical
  fallacies in discussion, speeches, essays and the mass media, and
  demonstrate the ability to avoid such arguments in oral and/or
  written composition.
I. Demonstrate the use of outlining to construct clear, organized and
  complete cases, and to further develop such cases into essay form.
J. Outline refutation and rebuttal techniques and employ such techniques
  in the oral and/or written attack and defense of argument.
K. Recognize the above consideration (2-10) in their application to
  various contexts of argumentation (such a legal, legislative,
  academic, etc.) and various forms of speaking and/or writing.
L. Participate in in-class or online discussion and debate emphasizing
  the employment of argumentation principles.
M. Complete written and experiential exercises designed to develop,
  demonstrate and assess student skills of argumentation.
N. Recognize the relationship between critical thinking, especially the
  construction of logically sound syllogisms, and intercultural
  concepts.  Understand that the valid, but untrue, categorical
  syllogism is the root of false stereotypes and racism.
O. Recognize and appreciate the differences in cognitive styles among
  different cultures.

Topics and Scope
Untitled document
A. Philosophy of Argumentation
  1. Argumentation and critical thinking.
  2. Argumentation and epistemology.
  3. Argumentation and political culture.
  4. The roles and responsibilities of arguers.
B. Analysis in oral and written argumentation.
  1. Concept of analysis of controversy.
  2. Types of propositions and their effective construction, including
     examination of sentence structure, and formulation and placement
     of the main proposition (thesis) and supportive statements.
  3. Language in argument and composition, including discussion of
     functions of language: expressive, directive, interrogative;
     figurative language in argument.
  4. Definition in analysis.
  5. Breaking down a controversy into issues, evaluating issues by
     relevance and importance and the application of analytical
     formulas in such contexts as the essay.
  6. The principles of outlining and case construction with special
     focus on the essay form.
C. Evidence in oral and written argumentation
  1. Types of evidence.
  2. Sources of evidence.
  3. Research principles and basic reference sources.
  4. Application of standards and tests to evaluate evidence used in
     oral and written composition.
D. Reasoning in oral and written argumentation
  1. Nature of reasoning.
  2. Inductive types of reasoning with emphasis on such composition
     issues as the effective use of examples.
  3. Deductive types of reasoning.
  4. Models of reasoning (e.g. Toulmin Model, Syllogism, etc.).
  5. Standards for evaluating reasoning.
E. Logical Fallacies in oral and written argumentation
  1. The concept of informal logical fallacies and propaganda devices.
  2. The categories and specific types of fallacies.
  3. The application of knowledge of fallacies to settings (political,
     financial, academic, etc.) with special attention to the mass media.
  4. Making one's own speaking/writing "fallacy free".
F. Refutation and rebuttal in oral and/or written argumentation
  1. Application of knowledge of analysis, evidence, reasoning, and
     logical fallacies to attack and defense.
  2. Special techniques in attack and defense.
  3. Attack and defense in essay form.
G. Stylistics in oral and/or written argumentation.
  1. The integration of interest values, clarity, retention values,
     persuasive appeal and logical cogency into effective composition.
  2. Special emphasis on essay form.
H. Argumentation settings
  1. In interpersonal, small-group, organizational, public, and mass-
     media settings.
  2. In societal contexts such as law, legislative deliberation,
     academic debate, political campaigns, etc.
  3. Adapting strategies for effective oral and/or written argumentation
     to various settings.
I. Sequence
  1 week  Introduction
  1 week  Philisophy of Argumenation
  1 week  Analysis
  1 week  Research
  1 week  Evidence
  2 weeks Reasoning
  1 week  Logical Fallacies
  1 week  Speech of Analysis
  1 week  Refutation and Rebuttal
  2 weeks Speech of Advocacy
  1 week  Psychological Aspects

Untitled document
1. Experiential exercises, such as debates, simulations, etc.
2. Extensive sequential writing assignments on opposing viewpoints and
  important issues; writing and rewriting of compositions, with a
  minimum of 6,000 words of edited composition, excluding unedited
  writing and preliminary drafts; all writing shall be at the level of
  a second-semester college composition course.
3. Written analysis emphasizing analysis and evaluation of arguments
  from a critical viewpoint.
4. Essay-type midterm examination based on lecture and reading.
5. Essay-type final examination based on lecture and reading.
6. Participation in simulated or actual debates in various media and
  arenas, including internet, letters to the editor, local government
  meetings, state government meetings, or federal government hearings.

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
40 - 60%
Written homework, Reading reports, Essay exams, Term papers, Outlines for speeches
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
10 - 20%
Homework problems, Exams, Demonstrations
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
20 - 30%
Class performances, Performance exams
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
5 - 10%
Multiple choice, True/false, Matching items, Completion
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 0%

Representative Textbooks and Materials:
Untitled document
Freeley and Steinberg, ARGUMENTATION AND DEBATE, 10th ed., Wadsworth,
 Belmont, CA, c. 1999
Rottenberg, ELEMENTS OF ARGUMENT, 5th ed., Bedford Books, Boston,
 MA, c. 1997
 Bedford/St. Martins, Boston, MA, c. 1999

Print PDF