I. COMMUNITY RELATIONS CONCEPT
A. To develop an awareness of the problems confronting the relation-
ship of the Criminal Justice System and their community as well as
the need for a criminal justice practitioner partnership in
developing community resources and crime prevention programs.
B. To develop an awareness that community relations are not the
unique concerns of specialized units, but rather the concern of a
department's entire personnel. Community relations are not ex-
clusively a matter of special programs, but a matter that touches
on all aspects of the Criminal Justice System.
C. To examine the communication process with a vies to fostering and
improving communications and understanding between the criminal
justice practitioner and the community.
D. To identify objectives for the Criminal Justice System and the
community to achieve in order to understand and appreciate the
nature and causes of the complex problems in people-to-people
relations, with a view to improving minority and/or sub-culture
II. CULTURAL DIVERSITY (LD 42.1)
A. To develop an awareness of the cultural backgrounds on at least
(7) ethnic groupings.
B. To provide knowledge of California laws which define cultural
C. To provide an understanding of how the cultural composition of
California is changing and how this change is impacting the de-
livery of law enforcement services.
D. To provide an understanding of the benefits of valuing diversity
both within a law enforcement organization and within the com-
munity it serves.
E. To provide information concerning the evolution of human rights,
the nature and origins of prejudice, the nature and origins of
discrimination, and how understanding these issues can contribute
to more effective cultural contacts.
F. To provide an understanding of how current events or recent exper-
iences can shape the attitude of cultural groups towards law
enforcement and towards other cultural groups.
G. To provide an understanding of the difference between cultural
stereotyping and law enforcement profiling.
H. To provide an understanding of principles associated with profes-
sional community contacts and techniques for effective interaction
with cultural groups.
I. To provide an opportunity for individual self-discovery concerning
cultural contact experience and personal prejudices.
Instruction is designed to provide fundamental training on how to
professionally interact with a broad spectrum of cultural groups.
Content is intended to complement locally-developed training which
specifically addresses the history, customs, religious conventions, or
core values of cultural groups within the community served.
III.SEXUAL HARASSMENT (LE 42.1)
A. To provide an understanding of the nature and historical perspec-
tives associated with sexual harassment.
B. To provide knowledge of state and federal laws which define sexual
C. To provide an understanding of behaviors which constitute sexual
D. To provide an understanding of how to respond to sexually offensive
or unwanted behavior in the workplace, and how to initiate a
sexual harassment complaint.
E. To provide an understanding of the state mandated sexual harassment
complaint process guidelines, legal remedies available, and pro-
tection from retaliation against complainants of sexual harassment.
A. To provide knowledge of laws which define a hate crime.
B. To provide an understanding of the indicators of hate crimes.
C. To provide knowledge of legal rights of, and remedies available to,
victims of hate crimes.
D. To provide an understanding of the impact of hate crimes on vic-
tims, victim's families and the community.
E. To provide an understanding of elements which comprise an effective
law enforcement response to a hate crime.
V. VICTIMOLOGY/CRISIS INTERVENTION (LD 4.1.)
A. To provide an understanding of the psychological responses to
stress and victimization.
B. To provide the ability to recognize the symptoms of stress and
defuse crisis situations.
C. To provide a knowledge of the provisions of the law relating to
D. To provide the ability to furnish pertinent information to crime
E. To provide an understanding of the impact crime can have on in-
dividuals and the community.
1. The student will demonstrate knowledge of criminal justice functions
and philosophies as they apply to initiating positive community
2. The student will develop an awareness to the complex nature of person-
to-person communications. The student will demonstrate knowledge of
the barriers to and the techniques for enhancing effective communi-
3. The student will demonstrate ability to understand and appreciate the
factors of why people in the community behave as they do and to use
this understanding to make criminal justice-community relations more
4. Each student will participate in a group project with one of the topics
presented in the course outline. This topic shall be decided upon with
the consent of the instructor and performed to standards established by
I. Criminal Justice System and Contemporary Society
A. Roles of the Police, Judiciary and Corrections
1. Historical perspectives
2. Contemporary roles
3. Role interactions within the Criminal Justice System
4. Role interactions with the community
B. Criminal Justice Culture
1. Self-image of the police, judiciary and corrections
2. Personalization of social and legal problems
3. Job-related stress
II. The Communication Process
2. Modes of communication
3. Verbal and non-verbal factors which contribute to negative
responses to law enforcement (LD. 42IIK)
B. Developing human awareness
1. Of people and sub-cultures
2. Of events
3. Of environment
C. Techniques for enhancing effective communications
1. Basic skills
2. Applied skills
D. Disseminating knowledge and understanding
1. Helping the public to understand the criminal justice function
2. Communicating information to the public
3. Inter-agency exchange of information
E. Media relations
1. Impact of crime news by the media
2. Responsibility of media in crime reporting
3. Responsibility of Criminal Justice System in crime reporting
III.Discretionary Decision Making
A. Definition vs. discrimination
B. Discretion vs. discrimination
C. Policy making
IV. Community Resource Development
A. Concept of community resource development
1. Identification of the range of social and criminal problems
dealt with by the Criminal Justice System.
2. Inadequacies of the Criminal Justice System in dealing with such
B. Overview of available resources
C. Development and utilization of resources
1. Law enforcement
V. Crime Prevention
A. Defining the problem
B. Concept of crime prevention
1. Responsibility of the Criminal Justice System
2. Role of the community
C. Crime prevention programs
1. Hardware emphasis
A. What is professional?
B. Misuse of authority and its consequences
1. Internal controls
2. External controls
VII.Role Playing and Dialogue Sessions
A. Guest speakers and representative chosen from the community should
be utilized to expose the student to a wide variety of the view-
points expressed during the lecture topics. Speakers should also
be drawn from the Administration of Justice system to provide in-
sight to the "system's" view of such topics.
A. Topics and procedure for study shall be determined by the instruc-
tor. These projects should pertain to the lecture topics and be
designed to provide the student with a further analysis of the
IX.Cultural Diversity and Awareness
A. People in a changing world
A. Police vs. changing times
B. Community Based Policing
1. What does it mean?
2. How is it accomplished?
XI.Overview of Instructor's personal objective in teaching this course
is to assist the student to become a productive member of his or her
community and to help the student to enter the Criminal Justice field.
XII.Cultural Diversity in California (LD42)
A. What is it?
B. Where did it come from?
C. Cultures new to the United States?
D. Immigrants vs. refugees vs. undocumented persons
E. California laws which define a cultural group (LD42 IIA)
F. Terminology associated with diversity, ethnicity, and human
relations (LD42 IIB)
G. California's cultural past, present and future.
H. Professional, personal, and organizational benefits of valuing
cultural diversity (LD 42IID)
I. Historical evolution of human rights in the United States (LD42IIE)
(see attached supplement)