1. Write analytical essays with clear, complex theses; adequate development and organization; and effective points of view and style.
2. Write essays using an appropriate combination of rhetorical strategies, including but not limited to exposition and persuasion/argumentation.
3. Organize essays and paragraphs with concrete, appropriate, and relevant details.
4. Revise prose for clarity, precision, sentence variety, correct diction, and appropriate voice.
5. Proofread, with particular attention to syntax, sentence structure, grammar, punctuation, accentuation, mechanics, and other persistent heritage speakers' errors.
6. Produce and use more complex Spanish verb structures, tenses, and moods.
7. Identify, contrast, and use the following: standard pronunciation, basic spelling and accentuation, negative and affirmative expressions, gerund, participle, future and conditional, present and past perfect tenses, subjunctive forms, uses of se, formal and informal commands, passive and active voices, and si clauses.
A. Original source texts in a variety of genres
1. Newspaper articles on current events
2. Short fiction
3. Myths, legends and folktales
5. Biographical narratives
B. Organization and content analysis
1. Mapping texts' structure
2. Outlining and summarizing content
3. Identifying and evaluating principal ideas in the text
4. Distinguishing facts vs. opinions in cultural readings
5. Interpreting socio-cultural information
C. Language styles
1. Use of formal vs. informal language
2. Transitional phrases
3. Lexical variations and idiomatic expressions
4. Poetic and literary devices
A. Composition structure
1. Identifying topic, purpose, and audience
2. Mapping topic development
3. Linking ideas with appropriate transitions
B. Revision and proofreading
1. Identifying and correcting sentence fragments and fused sentences
2. Identifying and correcting common grammatical errors
3. Identifying and correcting spelling and accentuation problems
4. Revising for effective use of vocabulary and sentence structure
C. Journals and free writing
1. Free written expression as platform for class discussion
2. Incorporating specialized vocabulary or grammar in focus
D. Information Competency and Research
1. Working with primary and secondary source material and research findings
2. Organizing research findings
3. Integrating source material and research findings effectively into original writings
4. Avoiding plagiarism
1. Punctuation rules
5. Suffixes and prefixes
III. Grammar and Vocabulary
1. Present perfect
2. Present perfect used as an adjective
3. Subjunctive in noun clauses
4. Subjunctive in adjective clauses
5. Subjunctive in adverbial clauses
6. Past subjunctive
7. Past perfect
8. Present perfect subjunctive
11. Future perfect
12. Conditional perfect
13. Past perfect subjunctive
14. Comparatives and superlatives
15. Si clauses
16. Passive voice
17. Uses of the infinitive
1. False cognates
2. Lexical variations
3. Idiomatic expressions
4. Specialized and technical vocabulary
6. Contextual clues to infer meaning
7. High frequency affixes and roots
1. Formal vs. informal
2. Use of the formal usted vs. the informal tú
3. Situational discourse for professional and academic contexts
4. Standard vs. non-standard Spanish
2. LL & Y
3. Upper and lower case
7. Cardinal, ordinal and roman numbers
8. Prefixes and suffixes
9. Transition phrases and words
1. Read assigned 10-15 pages per week in textbook
2. Complete and self-correct textbook exercises weekly
3. Read and answer questions on 10-12 assigned readings
4. Write10-20 original sentences per week using new vocabulary
5. Write weekly approximately 100-word entries in journal
6. 3-4 compositions of approximately 300 words each
7. Individual oral presentation on a cultural topic
8. Team oral presentation on a researched cultural topic
9. Mid-term and final exams, 5 chapter exams, and weekly dictations
Osorio, A. Spanish for Spanish Speakers. Kendall Hunt Publishing Co.: 2015.
Marqués, S. La lengua que heredamos. 7th Ed. John Willey & Sons. Inc.: 2012.
Garcia, N., Carney, C., & Sandoval, T. Nuestro idioma, nuestra herencia. Español para hispanohablantes. McGraw Hill: 2011.
Roca, A. Nuevos Mundos. Curso para bilingües. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: 2012.
Francés, M. & Benítez, R. Manual de gramática y ortografía para hispanos. Pearson Education, Inc.: 2013
Instructor's prepared handouts.