Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the basic steps in conducting a preliminary investigation.
2. Evaluate the legal aspects of admissions and confession and give examples of when a statement is legally obtained.
3. Formulate the basic steps in preparing for an interview or an interrogation in conducting a criminal investigation.
4. Identify and list the evidentiary and legal aspects of an infield showup, photographic lineup, physical lineup, and other non-witness methods of identification.
5. Compile a list of investigative resources available on the local, state and federal level.
6. Illustrate examples of the theory of transfer involving physical evidence at a crime scene.
7. Analyze the role of various expert witnesses that can assist in a criminal investigation.
8. Analyze the legal steps in conducting a crime scene search.
9. Determine the investigative aspects of search and seizure.
10. Determine the investigative aspects of corpus delicti.
1. Introduction to preliminary investigation
a. Proceeding to the scene
b. Rendering aid to the injured
c. Arresting of the suspect
d. Locating and identifying witnesses
e. Interviewing witnesses
f. Securing the crime scene
g. Interrogating the suspect
h. Noting crime scene conditions and events
i. Arranging for the collection of evidence
j. Report writing
k. Yielding to follow-up investigators
2. Investigative aspects of search and seizure
a. Emergency searches of crime scenes
b. Crime scene search warrants
c. Administrative, probation and parole searches
d. Legal aspects in the physical seizure of evidence
3. Investigative aspects of admissions and confessions
a. Miranda Rule
b. Admonition and waiver of rights
c. Counsel issues
d. Questioning after assertion of rights
e. When Miranda does not apply
f. Miranda and minors
g. Attenuation and impeachment
4. Investigative aspects of identification methods
a. Infield showup
b. Photographic lineup
c. Physical lineup
d. Other non-witness methods of identifications
5. Investigative aspects of corpus delicti - common crimes
a. Murder and manslaughter
c. Rape and sex crimes
d. Aggravated assault
e. Cohabitation abuse
h. Review of Evidence Code provisions relating to criminal investigations
6. Investigative resources
a. California Department of Justice
b. Criminalistics - Bureau of Forensic Services
c. Federal resources
d. Local resources - task force operations
e. Expert witnesses
1. Read 10 - 20 pages weekly
2. Written assignments including analysis of corpus delicti of California criminal law, case briefs, criminal procedures pertaining to search, seizure, arrest, and evidence (4-8 assignments)
3. Completion of course workbook on investigative procedures and rules
4. Group research project and presentation
5. Two to three exams
California Criminal Evidence Guide (8th). Hill, Raymond. Halleck Creek Publishing: 2010
California Criminal Evidence Guide: Student Workbook, Bowling, Ray. Halleck Creek Publishing, 2010
California Penal Code. State of California: current annual edition
Instructor prepared materials