1. Evaluate the source and credibility of reports of scientific experiments in exercise physiology and related topics.
2. Recognize the principles that govern the development of muscular strength and endurance.
3. Comprehend the role of metabolism, bioenergetics, and energy expenditure in varying levels of exercise intensity and at rest.
4. Describe the structure and function of the nervous system as it relates to neural control of human movement.
5. Define body composition and its relationship to recommended weight and sport and exercise participation.
6. Assess cardiorespiratory responses in aerobic and anaerobic exercise for sport and exercise participation.
7. Relate general principles and adaptations of aerobic, anaerobic, and resistance training to exercise training regimens.
8. Identify the physiological responses to various environmental conditions (i.e. higher altitude, heat, and cold).
9. Identify and analyze the various ergogenic agents used that can physiologically affect exercise and sport performance.
I. Introduction to Exercise and Sport Physiology
A. Research in Exercise Physiology
1. Scientific method
2. Experimental design
3. Credibility of information sources
II. Structure and Function of Exercising Muscle
A. Functional anatomy of skeletal muscle
B. Skeletal muscle and exercise
C. Muscular endurance and strength testing
III. Fuel for Exercising Muscle: Metabolism and Bioenergetics
IV. Neural control of exercising muscle
A. Structure and function of the nervous system
B. Motor control and reflex activity
V. Energy expenditure and Fatigue
A. Measuring energy expenditure at rest and during exercise
B. Estimation of daily caloric requirements
C. Fatigue and its causes
VI. Cardiovascular System
A. Heart, vascular system, and blood
B. Sub-max and Maximal cardiovascular testing
C. Graded exercise testing
D. Lactate threshold testing
VII. Respiratory System
A. Pulmonary ventilation, volumes, and diffusion
B. Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood
C. Gas exchange at the muscles
VIII. Cardio respiratory Responses to Acute Exercise
A. Cardiovascular responses to acute exercise
B. Respiratory responses to acute exercise
C. Heart rate and blood pressure testing
IX. Principles of Exercise Training
A. Terminology and general principles of training
B. Resistance, anaerobic, and aerobic training programs
X. Adaptations to resistance training
A. Gains in muscular fitness
B. Muscle soreness
C. Resistance training for sex and age differences
XI. Adaptations to Aerobic and Anaerobic Training: Specificity and Cross-training
XII. Exercise in Hot and Cold Environments
A. Body temperature regulation
B. Physiological responses, health risks, and acclimation in the heat
C. Physiological responses, health risks, and acclimation in the cold
XIII. Exercising at Altitude
A. Physiological responses to acute altitude exposure
B. Exercise and sport performance at altitude
C. Acclimatization at prolonged exposure at altitude
XIV. Body Composition
A. Body composition in sport
B. Hydrostatic weighing, skinfold, and bioelectrical impedance
XV. Ergogenic Aids
A. Researching ergogenic aids
B. Pharmacological agents
C. Hormonal agents
D. Physiological agents
E. Nutritional agents
Physiology of Sport and Exercise, 4th Edition by Wilmore, Costill, and Kenney, Human Kinetics. 2008
Instructor Prepared materials