Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
1. Relate the methods of scientific investigation to natural resources management decisions.
2. Define the nature of scientific inquiry.
3. Describe the values, themes, methods, and history of environmental conservation.
4. Define and discuss terms related to environmental issues.
5. Recognize and identify ecological inter-relationships between living and non-living components of the ecosystem.
6. Make decisions that affect natural resources based on evaluating basic ecological and scientific principles.
7. Recognize characteristics and general distributions of major biomes and determine how humans have impacted each biome.
8. Differentiate between the sources and effects of land degradation and the role of genetic engineering in the future of agriculture.
9. Discuss environmental issues related to natural resource conservation.
10. Summarize historic factors that have contributed to human population growth and to discuss theories of population growth.
11. Describe the major categories and sources of air and water pollution and summarize how these pollutants are hazardous to human health, vegetation, and all life on earth.
12. Recognize and assess human influences and potential impacts on natural resources.
13. Identify realistic career objectives in environmental conservation.
A. Concepts of Ecology and Sustainability
1. Ecology as science
2. Scientific inquiry to natural resource problems
3. The ecological imperative
4. Terms and issues related to environmental conservation
B. Biological and Physical Principles of Ecosystem Management
1. Mineral cycling and nutrient uptake
2. Photosynthesis and energy transfer
3. Successional patterns of resource ecosystems
C. Historical Development of Resource Utilization
II: Soils - Pesticides
A. Soil Conservation
1. Geological basis of soil conservation
2. Physical and chemical properties of soil
3. Principles of soil classification
4. Mechanics of soil erosion and application of scientific method for prevention techniques
5. Soil fertility and plant nutrition relationships
B. Role of Pesticides
C. Genetically Modified Organisms
III: Wildlife and Other Resource Arenas
A. Forestry and Fire Management
1. Anatomy and physiology of the living tree
2. Silvicultural techniques of managed forest stands
3. Productivity of forests
b. scientific methodology in forest productivity
4. Inventory and ownership patterns of forest resources
5. The role of fire in management of forests
1. History of range use in the United States
2. The biology of the range plant
3. The biological potential and carrying capacities of native ranges in the United States
4. Analysis and evaluation of range condition and range trend
5. Range management techniques
C. Wildlife Ecology
1. Principles and characteristics of wildlife populations
2. Methods of controlling wildlife populations
3. Principles of habitat management
4. Economic importance of the fish and game resource
F. Outdoor Recreation
1. Aquatic ecology
2. Effects of siltation and pollution on fish populations
3. Commercial and sports fishery management techniques
4. A study of the conflict of uses
IV: Role of Human Populations
A. Population Dynamics
B. Population Distribution and Control
C. Environmental Health
E. Water Resources
1. Analysis of the hydrologic cycle
2. Groundwater and surface water management principles
3. Flood control and water pollution prevention methods
4. The California water picture
5. The State Water Project
6. The Central Valley Project
F. Energy Resources
1. Energy use and alternative sources
2. Mineral resources availability
3. Resource pollution
G. Humans and Natural Resources
H. Career Options
1. Applications of scientific method may include a two-page report on soil erosion, forest productivity, range management, and/or siltation and pollution on fish populations.
2. Reading assignments that will average 20 pages per week.
3. Writing assignments of ten article summaries from natural resource journals; summaries will total twenty pages /1,000 words during the semester.
4. Book review that will average 5 typed pages.
5. Comprehensive and accurate classroom notes, as summarized in a journal, that will average six pages per week.
6. A term paper that will average ten typed pages.
7. Mid-term and final examinations.
Environmental Science: A Global Concern, Cunningham and Saigo, McGraw-Hill, Sixth Edition, 2009.
Natural Resource Conservation Management for a Sustainable Future, Chiras, Reganold, Owen, Prentice Hall, Tenth Edition, 2009.
The New Economy of Nature: The Quest to Make Conservation Profitable, Gretchen C. Dailey and Katherine Ellison, Island Press, 2003. (Classic)