SRJC Course Outlines

8/17/2022 1:06:22 PMART 12 Course Outline as of Fall 2008

Changed Course

Discipline and Nbr:  ART 12Title:  FIGURE DRAWING  
Full Title:  Figure Drawing
Last Reviewed:4/13/2020

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum3.00Lecture Scheduled2.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled35.00
Minimum3.00Lab Scheduled4.003 min.Lab Scheduled70.00
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total6.00 Contact Total105.00
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  70.00Total Student Learning Hours: 175.00 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade or P/NP
Repeatability:  34 - 4 Enrollments Total
Also Listed As: 

Catalog Description:
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Drawing the human figure employing the basic concepts and skills covered in Art 7A, such as shape, volume, plane, contour, space, light, movement, composition, and expression, using a variety of graphic tools and media.  


Recommended Preparation:

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
Drawing the human figure employing the basic concepts & skills covered in Art 7A, shape, volume, plane, contour, space, light, movement, composition,& expression, using a variety of graphic tools & media.  
(Grade or P/NP)

Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:CSU;UC.
Repeatability:34 - 4 Enrollments Total


Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
UC Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
 CID Descriptor: ARTS 200 Figure Drawing SRJC Equivalent Course(s): ART12

Certificate/Major Applicable: Certificate Applicable Course


Outcomes and Objectives:
Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:
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1.  Review basic drawing concepts such as shape, mass, contour, volume,
   space, scale, light, movement and figure/ground.
2.  Increase perception and awareness of visual relationships such as
   proportion, scale, gesture, positive and negative shape within
   the human figure.
3.  Develop conceptual and technical skills necessary to represent a
   living subject, as opposed to an inanimate object.
4.  Master ability to perform analytical operations necessary to draw
   the human figure from any vantage point and in any position: using
   sight measuring and foreshortening techniques.
5.  Study anatomy of the human skeleton and muscular system as they
   pertain to drawing the human figure.
6.  Consider various qualities of human and artistic expression
   which the figure inspires.
7.  Practice basic and intermediate drawing skills to achieve these ends.
8.  Examine and analyze examples of master figure drawings, historical
   and contemporary.
9.  Exercise ability to make critical aesthetic judgments through class

Topics and Scope
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The primary intent of Art 12 is visual literacy and demonstration of the
ability to accurately and expressively represent the human figure using
specific media in a studio setting.  This includes:
1.  Comprehension of the concept of gesture and use of techniques of
gesture drawing to express the essential action of the figure.
2.  Recognizing various factors relating specifically to the figure such
as mass, axis, proportion and distribution of weight.
3.  Ability to recognize and name basic anatomical features of the live
4.  Ability to draw from and to identify major anatomical features of
the human skeleton.
5.  Ability to analyze the figure using concepts and terms of basic
drawing: shape, contour, value, textural contrasts, volumes, planes,
negative space, etc.
6.  Ability to use a variety of drawing techniques to represent the
particulars of the human figure: sketching, modeling, hatching, use of
rubbed tone, use of contour line drawing, use of ink washes, etc.
7.  Drawing the figure in relation to props and to the immediate envir-
onment, juxtaposing similar and contrasting shapes, volumes, values,
spatial axes.
8.  The ability to intelligently use and care for the graphic media and
tools for Art 12 (Pencils, vine and compressed charcoal, contÃ… crayon,
chamois cloth, erasers, pens and nibs, brushes and inks.
The scope and sequence of the course will be presented as follows:
1.  Through lectures and slide lectures concerning the concepts, elements
and art historical precedents of drawing.
2.  Through lecture/demonstrations of the proper use of materials and
3.  Through student practice and demonstration of compositional,
expressive and technical concepts.
4.  Through evaluative one-on-one discussions with individual students.
5.  Through group critique discussions and presentations of in-class
and homework drawings.
Specific areas of study within Art 12 include:
1.  Gesture:  using techniques of gesture drawing to express the
essential action of the figure.
2.  Mass:  Simplifying surface details on the figure using techniques of
mass drawing to express the overall weight, girth and shape of the
3.  Schematic Drawing:  analyzing the major angles and geometric shape
relationships in the figure and using primarily straight lines to plot
that analysis.
4.  Quick Study:  developing fast drawing approaches to figure drawing
suitable for short poses.
5.  Proportions of the Human Figure:  studying ideal and real proportions
of the figure using examples from the Italian Renaissance as well as
from actual observation of the live model.
6.  Foreshortening:  understanding how perspective affects figure drawing.
Use of plumb lines, sighting, measuring, observation of overlapping
edges, value relationships to accurately draw the figure in space.
7.  The Figure in the Environment:  considering relationships between the
figure, props and the space of the room.  Developing more complex comp-
ositional ideas.
8.  Abstraction, Simplification or Distortion of the Human Figure:
studying how 20th Century approaches to figurative art have employed
these techniques to enhance expressive rather than realistic properties.
9.  Process:  balancing the deliberate and planned, with the accidental
and spontaneous.  

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1.  Gesture drawing (very brief poses)
2.  Negative space
3.  Silhouettes
4.  Axe (finding and demarking axial directions)
5.  Outline
6.  Blind contour (without looking at paper), quick contour, cross contour
7.  Angular contours using only straight lines
8.  Cubic, void, lanar construction
9.  Tone as a spatial clue (darker for farther)
10. Modeling with continuous tone; with hatching
11. Light and shadow: revealing lights with eraser on toned paper
12. The figure with props an environment
13. Cropping (selecting a portion of the figure)
14. Distortion, exaggeration, abstraction
15. Three values (using white chalk and charcoal on mid-toned paper
16. Drawing the skeleton next to the figure
17. The figure as landscape
18. The figure in motion
19. Drawing the head, hands, feet
20. Changing the scale: miniscule to life-size  

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
0 - 0%
This is a degree applicable course but assessment tools based on writing are not included because problem solving assessments and skill demonstrations are more appropriate for this course.
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
10 - 30%
Homework problems
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
10 - 30%
Class performances
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
0 - 0%
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
60 - 80%
A portfolio of completed work will the major basis for course grade. Othe factors: attendance, attitude, attentiveness, effort, growth, participatio

Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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The Natural Way to Draw, by Kimon Nicolaides, Houghton Mifflin Co,
Boston, Copyright 1969, by Anne Nicolades.
Drawing From Life, Clint Brown, Cheryl McLean, Harcourt Brace Jovanovick
College Publishers, Copyright 1992, by Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc.
Figure Drawing, The Structure, Anatomy and Expressive Design of Human
Form, by Nathan Goldstein, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ,
1987, Third Edition.  

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