Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to:
1. Define the term corrections and know how correctional agencies fulfill the mission of protecting society.
2. Identify the role that plea bargaining plays in criminal sentencing.
3. Discuss the daily operations of a jail.
4. Explain the organization and operation of modern probation.
5. Compare and contrast the federal and state prison systems.
6. Compare and contrast the ways inmates can be released from prisons, including parole, supervised mandatory release, and unconditional mandatory release.
7. Describe the challenges facing male and female prisoners in a correctional setting.
8. Discuss the reasons why juveniles are waived to adult courts and the concerns about the process.
9. Define special offenders and describe how they require special handling under correctional supervision.
10. Define unit management and describe the role it plays in the management of a prison.
11. Compare the culture of women's prisons to the culture of men's prisons.
12. Discuss the categories of inmate assignments in special housing units.
13. List and describe court rulings regarding the use of capital punishment.
14. Discuss the benefits of accreditation.
15. List and identify the potential future of corrections.
I. Defining Corrections
A. Corrections as a part of the criminal justice system
B. The correctional funnel and correctional policy
C. Theories of crime and punishment
D. Early responses to crime
E. The development of the prison
F. Sentencing goals of corrections
II. Sentencing and the Correctional process
A. Pre-trial correctional activities
B. The role of plea bargaining and sentencing
C. Pre-sentencing correctional activities
D. The sentencing decision
E. Drug Courts
B. Role and Function
B. Practices and issues of probation
C. Intermediate sanctions
A. Current status of prisons in the United States
B. Adult prisons systems in the United States
VI. Parole and prisoner re-entry
A. The history of parole
B. Operations of parole
C. Effectiveness of parole
D. Prisoner re-entry
VII.Clients of adult correctional agencies
A. Overview of adult offender
B. Types of offenders and length of confinement
C. Male offenders
D. Female offenders
E. Need for medical care
VIII Juvenile correctional system
A. The problem of juvenile crime
B. Development of the juvenile justice system
C. Categories of juvenile offenders
D. The juvenile justice system and process
E. Juvenile residential facilities
F. Legal issues affecting the juvenile justice system
IX. Special offenders
A. Juvenile offenders in adult criminal courts
B. Drug offenders
C. Mentally ill offenders
D. Aging offenders
E. Violent offenders
F. Sex offenders
G. Offenders with infectious diseases
X. Management of prisons
A. Organization of prisons
B. Unit management
C. Controlling inmate behavior
D. The role of staff in prison
XI. Prison life for inmates
A. Male offenders
B. Female offenders
XII. Organization and culture of prison staff
A. The jobs of prison staff
B. The organization of a prison
C. The warden
E. Female correctional officers in male prisons
XIII. Custody and treatment
A. Security and custody within a prison
B. Inmate riots and disturbances
C. Treatment and programs within a prison
D. Identifying inmate needs
E. Types of prison programs
XIV. Legal issues and the death penalty
A. Legal issues regarding inmates
B. The development of inmate legal rights
C. The Bill of Rights and inmate rights
D. Special rights of prisoners
E. Inmate discipline
F. Litigation by inmates
G. The history of capital punishment
H. Legal and statutory provisions regarding the death penalty
I. Death row prisoners
J. Public opinion and capital punishment
K. The finality of the death penalty
XV. Current issues in corrections
A. Prison and jail populations
B. Politics and policy
C. Budget concerns
E. Staff diversity
F. Effectiveness of treatment programs
XVI. The future of corrections
A. Current approaches and goals
B. New paradigms of sentencing and corrections
C. Corrections as a career
1. Corrections: An Introduction, R.P. Seiter, Prentice Hall, current ed.
2. Corrections in America, Latessa Allen, Ponder & Simonson, Prentice Hall, current ed.
3. Essentials of Corrections, L. G. Mays & L. T. Winfree, Wadsworth, current ed.
4. American Corrections, T. R. Clear, G. F. Cole and M. D. Reisig, Wadsworth, current ed.
5. Corrections: Past and Future, J. Stinchcomb, American Correctional Association, current ed.