Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1. Critique the social and political
responses to crime.
2. Describe the concepts of criminology, victimology, and penology and
their relationship to crime and justice in society.
3. Assess selected theories of criminology and apply the methods of
inquiry of the social and behavioral sciences to administration of
4. Evaluate critical issues relating to crime and justice in society.
5. Categorize criminogenic factors, including biological, physical,
psychological, crime as learned behavior, sociological, control theory,
and environmental explanations for the occurrence of crime.
6. Evaluate key responses to crime and criminal behavior by law
7. Identify the principal criminal justice agencies within the criminal
I. Crime: Its Nature and Scope
A. Purpose of criminal law
B. Definition of a crime
C. Public perception of crime/visible crime
D. Measurement of crime (Uniform Crime Reports and National Crime
E. Cyclical nature of crime statistics
F. Dark figure of crime
G. Reasons why crime is not reported
2. Perception of justice system
3. Cultural considerations
4. Apathy/Victim precipitation
H. Cultural considerations
II. Theories of criminology
A. Application of the methods of inquiry of the social and behavioral
sciences to administration of justice
B. Biological explanations
C. Physical explanations
D. Psychological explanations
E. Crime as learned behavior
F. Sociological explanations
G. Control theory
H. Environmental theory
III.Application of Criminal justice and systems
A. Role of law enforcement
B. Due Process (ideal) vs. crime control (real) models of justice
C. Role of the District Attorney
D. Role of defense counsel
E. Role of Superior Court
F. Appellate Courts and Doctrine of Judicial Review
G. California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
H. County jails
IV. Analysis of key concepts to crime and justice in society
A. Political considerations
B. Initiative process/law and the ballot box
C. Selective incapacitation
D. Determinate and indeterminate sentencing
E. Versatility effect
F. Crime tax
G. Plea bargaining/assembly-line justice
H. Jury nullification
I. Critical issues related to criminology
K. Special needs doctrine
M. Drug influence studies
1. Primary charge
2. Precipitating offenses
N. Treatment gap
O. Incarcerated and/or probationary status frustration
P. Ethnic and cultural influences
Q. Subculture of violence
S. Internal and external controls
T. Child abuse
U. Super predator
V. Critical issues in crime and justice in society
A. Capital punishment
B. Domestic violence
C. Three Strikes
D. Megan's Law
E. Prisons - costs vs. rehabilitation
F. Gangs and crime
G. "War on Drugs"-Substance abuse and crime
National Criminal Justice Reference Service Crime Files, current edition.
Crime Profiles: The Anatomy of Dangerous Persons, Places, and Situations.
Miethe, T.D., McCorkle, R.C. and Listwan, S.J. (2006) Roxbury Press.
Why Crime Rates Fell, Conklin, J.E., (2003) Allyn & Bacon.
Crime and Society, White, R. and Habibis, D. (2005) Oxford Press.
Sense and Nonsense About Crime and Drugs, A Policy Guide (6th Ed.,)
Walker, S.(2005) Wadsworth Publishing.
Instructor prepared materials.