SRJC Course Outlines

11/28/2023 11:52:44 AMAJ 21 Course Outline as of Fall 1981

New Course (First Version)

Discipline and Nbr:  AJ 21Title:  INTRODUCTION - CP1  
Full Title:  Introduction to Administration of Justice - CP1
Last Reviewed:3/11/2019

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum3.00Lecture Scheduled3.0017.5 max.Lecture Scheduled52.50
Minimum3.00Lab Scheduled06 min.Lab Scheduled0
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total3.00 Contact Total52.50
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  105.00Total Student Learning Hours: 157.50 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade Only
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 

Catalog Description:
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History and philosophy of administration of justice in America; recapitulation of the system; identifying the various subsystems, role expectations and their interrelationships in society; theories of crime, punishment, and rehabilitation; education and training for professionalism in the criminal justice system.


Recommended Preparation:
Eligibility for English 100A or equivalent.

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
History & philosophy of administration of justice in America; recapitulation of the system; identifying the various sub-systems, role expectations & their interrelationships in society; theories of crime, punishment & rehabilitation; education & training for professionalism in the criminal justice system.
(Grade Only)

Recommended:Eligibility for English 100A or equivalent.
Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:CSU;UC.
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP


Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
CSU Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
UC Transfer:TransferableEffective:Fall 1981Inactive:
 CID Descriptor: AJ 110 Introduction to Criminal Justice SRJC Equivalent Course(s): AJ21

Certificate/Major Applicable: Certificate Applicable Course


Outcomes and Objectives:
At the conclusion of this course, the student should be able to:
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The basic course to provide the student with an orientation to the
criminal justice system.  The course is the backbone of the criminal
justice curriculum that shows the relationship of the administration of
justice system with the community.  It orients the student to a potential
for all persons to have a better understanding of the law and the function
and complexity of the system.
1.  Demonstrate knowledge of the evolution of the administration of
   justice system.
2.  List the objectives of the system, the crime
   problem and role expectation of criminal justice personnel.
3.  List the system's responsibilities to the communi               ty,
   some general concepts in crime causation, and the social implications
   of crime on society.
4.  Demonstrate knowledge about the various agencies, their organizational
   structure, and roles of each subsystem within the criminal justice
5.  Identify through affective senses an appreciation of education,
   training, and professionalism in the system.
6.  The student will learn concepts of the Criminal Justice System
   identified in Learning Domain 2 (min. 8 hrs.) of the Basic Law
   Enforcement Course Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training
   (P.O.S.T.) Objective numbers covered:  1.7.1, 1.7.2, 1.8.1, 1.9.1,
   1.9.2, 1.10.7, 3.37.1 (Refer to course outline for specific content).

Topics and Scope
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  1.  Orientation.
     a. Attendance and class participation
     b. Testing and grading policies
     c. Outside class assignments
     d. Explanation of the AJ/Basic Course "Transition Program - Project"
 2   Overview of the Criminal Justice System
     a.  Philosophy of the justice system in a democratic society.
     b.  Philosophy of the social control over system components
     c.  Major goals of the criminal justice system - Law Enforcement,
         Judicial, Corrections (1.7.2)
     d.  "Cause and Effect" relationship between system components.
 3.  Evolution of Criminal Justice System
     a.  History of the American system of justice (legal-social)
     b.  Development of the subsystems
 4.  The explanation and scope of the crime problem
     a.  Criminology and concepts of crime causation
     b.  Sources of crime data (Uniform Crime Reports/National Crime
         survey/"Dark Figure of Crime" - unreported crime).
     c.  Volume and rates of criminal activity
     d.  Victimology and fear of crime
     e.  Research methodology and intrepretation.
 5.  The development and structure of law enforcement.
     a.  Key historical events which marked the development of law
         enforcement in the United States and California
 6.  Organization and operation of law enforcement
     a.  Identification of principal local, state, and federal law
         enforcement agencies (1.7.1 & 1.8.1)
 7.  Innovations and role expectations for law enforcement personnel
     a.  Constitutional provisions - Effects of legal interpretations
         (search and seizure, Miranda, use of force).
     b.  Emphasis upon order maintenance.
     c.  Concepts in patrol and investigative methodology (community-
         oriented policing; use of computes; scientific innovation in
         the analysis of evidence).
     d.  Overseeing the police - citizen complaint investigation,
         civilian review, ombudsman.
     e.  Equal opportunity employment and the changing faces of the
         police department.
 8.  Structure and Role of Courts
     a.  Federal (United States Supreme Court, U.S. Circuit Courts
         of appeal, U.S. District Court).
     b.  California Appellate Courts (District Court of Appeals and
         Supreme Court (1.9.1).
     c.  County Trial Courts (Justice, Municipal, Superior (1.9.1)
     d.  Court officers - roles and expectations (1.7.1).
 9.  Key Steps in the Judicial Process (1.9.2)
     a.  Arraignment
     b.  Bail
     c.  Indictment
     d.  Preliminary hearing
     e.  Pre-plea conference
     f.  Trial
 10. Constitutional Law in the Judicial System
     a.  Identify key U.S. Constitutional rights protected by the 1st.
         4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 14th (Due Process and Equal Protection)
         Amendments (3.37.1).
 11. Prosecutor's Role in the Judicial System
     a.  U.S. Attorney
     b.  State Attorney General
     c.  District and City Attorney (1.7.1)
     d.  Prosecutor's use of discretion: legal sufficiency, system
         efficiency, trial sufficiency.
 12. Defense Attorney's Role in the Judicial System
     a.  Public Defender (1.7.1)
     b.  Private attorney and appointed counsel
     c.  Defense counsel as an "agent-mediator"
 13. Real vs. Ideal System of Justice
     a.  Due process model and crime control model
     b.  Plea bargaining - role and purposes
     c.  "Going rate", pre-plea conference, "copping out".
 14. Purpose and Structure of the Correctional System
     a.  Contemporary correctional philosophy (warehousing v. rehabilita-
         tion, 8th Amendment issues, recidivism, increased commitment
         rates,inmate code, special population problems,"shock probation"
     b.  California Department of Corrections overview.
     c.  County and local corrections (1.7.1)
 15. Probation and Parole
     a.  Probation definition and purposes (1.7.1 & 1.10.7)
     b.  Probation functions - investigation, supervision, institutions.
     c.  Parole definition and purposes (1.7.1 & 1.10.7)
     d.  Parole functions - supervision
 16. Special Issues Affecting the Criminal Justice System
     a.  Social change and challenge (hate crimes, gangs)
     b.  Role and impact of changing demographics & cultural diversity in
         the justice system.
 17. Career Paths for Criminal Justice Employment
     a.  Role of education & training
     b.  Job Preparation
     c.  Employment detractors (background, use of drugs, etc.)
     d.  Pre-employment testing procedures and hiring process (local,
         state, federal).
 18. Review of Course Objectives & Final Examination

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 1.  Analyze the impact of crime upon the social structure of the
     community through the study of a certified college level text
     and the reading of case studies.
 2.  Oral presentations in class requiring deductive analysis from
     text, cases, and critical incidents happening in the community.
 3.  Introduce and clarify at the conceptual level key legal terms and
     ideas applied in the criminal justice system through review of
     cases and supplemental resource materials.
 4.  Acknowledge similarities and differences in value systems and
     ideologies as they apply to the criminal justice function as
     discussed in class with the instructor and guest speakers.
 5.  Review history and identify areas that show why the system of
     justice has evolved as it has through research as assigned by
     the instructor.

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
10 - 30%
Written homework, Essay exams
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
10 - 30%
Homework problems
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
0 - 0%
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
30 - 70%
Multiple choice, Matching items, Completion
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
0 - 0%

Representative Textbooks and Materials:
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  California Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training,
 California Dept. of Justice, Basic Law Enforcement Course Unit
 Guides 1 and 2. (1996)
 Cole Publishing Co.: Monterey, 1994.
 N.C.J.R.S. MONTHLY ACCESSIONS LIST.  Contact: Teresa Turner, National
 Institute of Justice/NCJRS, Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20850.
 Newman, Donald J., Patrick R. Anderson, INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL
 JUSTICE, 5th ed., Random House, Inc.:Westminister, MD, 1995.
 Cole, George and Christopher Smith, CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN AMERICA,
 Wadsworth Publishing Co., San Francisco, 1996.

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