SRJC Course Outlines

1/18/2021 6:55:18 PMNRM 102 Course Outline as of Fall 2005

New Course (First Version)

Discipline and Nbr:  NRM 102Title:  NATIVE PLANTS TO RESTORE  
Full Title:  Selection and Propagation of Native Plants for Restoration
Last Reviewed:4/25/2005

UnitsCourse Hours per Week Nbr of WeeksCourse Hours Total
Maximum.50Lecture Scheduled3.004 max.Lecture Scheduled12.00
Minimum.50Lab Scheduled2.003 min.Lab Scheduled8.00
 Contact DHR0 Contact DHR0
 Contact Total5.00 Contact Total20.00
 Non-contact DHR0 Non-contact DHR Total0

 Total Out of Class Hours:  24.00Total Student Learning Hours: 44.00 

Title 5 Category:  AA Degree Applicable
Grading:  Grade or P/NP
Repeatability:  00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP
Also Listed As: 

Catalog Description:
Untitled document
Selection and propagation of native plants for ecosystem restoration. Topics include:  seed collection, storage, treatments, sowing, and germination; guidelines for ecologically sound collection and restoration; identification of local native species.  Class takes field trips to local sites for seed collection and identification.  Includes overview of the goals and foundations of ecological restoration and how restoration nurseries grow appropriate restoration species.


Recommended Preparation:

Limits on Enrollment:

Schedule of Classes Information
Description: Untitled document
Selection and propagation of native plants for ecosystem restoration. Includes overview of the goals and foundations of ecological restoration and emphasizes current restoration nursery methods.
(Grade or P/NP)

Limits on Enrollment:
Transfer Credit:
Repeatability:00 - Two Repeats if Grade was D, F, NC, or NP


Associate Degree:Effective:Inactive:
CSU GE:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
IGETC:Transfer Area Effective:Inactive:
CSU Transfer:Effective:Inactive:
UC Transfer:Effective:Inactive:

Certificate/Major Applicable: Both Certificate and Major Applicable


Outcomes and Objectives:
Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:
Untitled document
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1. Describe the objectives and expectations of ecosystem restoration,
rehabilitation, and reclamation and the role of native plant propagation
in such programs.
2. Discuss native plant uses, their advantages and disadvantages, and
scientific/ethical principles for their collection and use.
3. Identify ecological zones in Sonoma County and the principle native
plant species associated with those zones.
4. Employ basic techniques for native plant identification.
5. Utilize common techniques of plant propagation from seed and vegetative
materials with an emphasis on species occurring in Sonoma County.
6. Select, use and manage facilities, equipment, structures, media, and
other supplies appropriate for native plant propagation.
7.  Collect native plant seeds and cuttings from local sites.
8. Employ proper sanitation procedures in the use of propagation materials
and equipment.
9. Select native plant materials based on quality and to meet a range of
ecosystem restoration objectives.
10. Implement plant labeling associated with good propagation practices
and record keeping.
11. Describe various enterprises that specialize in different propagation
methods to supply restoration needs.
12. Perform outplanting and field-monitoring at restoration sites.

Topics and Scope
Untitled document
I. Overview
 A. Restoration, rehabilitation, and reclamation
    1. Definitions
    2. Objectives and expectations
 B. The role of artificial propagation and ecosystem restoration
 C. Rehabilitation and reclamation
 D. Why native plants?
    1. Advantages
    2. Disadvantages
 E. Other uses of native plants
    1. First Nations use
    2. Residential
    3. Commercial and institutional
    4. Landscaping, etc.
 F. Scientific and ethical principles of collecting plant materials for
II. Ecological Zones of Sonoma County
 A. Principles of species and provenance selection
    1. Topography and aspect
    2. Ecological succession
    3. Climate
    4. Geology and soils
    5. Moisture regimes
    6. Keystones and ecological function
  B. Key native species for propagation by ecological zone
  C. Restoration objectives
III. Plant Identification and Plant Communities
  A. Botanical names of important restoration plants
  B. Plant associations
  C. Techniques for identification
  D. Plant/soil relationships
IV. Plant Propagation
  A. Propagation structures and materials
    1. Propagation structures
        a. Small greenhouses
        b. Mist benches
        c. Cold frames and shade houses
        d. Nursery beds
    2.   Media for propagation native plants
    3.   Sanitation techniques in propagation
    4.   Soil, water and supplementary fertilizers
    5.   Containers for propagation native plants
    6.   Heating cables and pads
V. Propagation by seed
  A. Plant types propagated based on restoration needs
  B. Seed germination and collection
     1.  Collection
     2.  Storage
     3.  Germination
         a.  Environmental factors
             i.  Light
             ii.  Temperature
             iii.  Moisture
             iv.  Aeration
         b.  Seed treatments
             i.  Scarification
             ii.  Stratification
             iii.  Heat
             iv.  Chemical
         c.  Transplanting
         d.  Hardening off
VI. Vegetative propagation - cutting and other types
  A. Clones and genetic uniformity
  B. Root inducing treatments
     1.  Hormones
     2.  Wounding
  C. Types of cuttings
     1.  Hardwood
     2.  Semihardwood
     3.  Softwood
     4.  Dormant evergreen cuttings
     5.  Root cuttings
     6.  Propagating with rhizomes, tubers, corms, and bulbs
     7.  Leaf cuttings
     8.  Plant division
     9.  Ground layering and air layering
  D. Greenhouse control of cuttings
     1.  Types of rooting media
     2.  Bottom heat
     3.  Leaf surface reduction
     4.  Overhead intermittent mist
VII. Propagating Special Cases
  A. Ferns
  B. Grasses
  C. Sedges and rushes
VIII. Evaluation of propagation methods
  A. Costs
  B. Growing methods
  C. Species selection for restoration projects
  D. Producing quality plant material
  E. Labeling and record keeping
IX. Post-Propagation Care
  A. Types and choices of containers
  B. Soil mixes
  C. Pricking-out and transplanting
  D. After-care of seedlings
  E. After-care of cuttings
X. Enterprises Specializing in Restoration
  A. Nurseries
  B. Landscape design companies
  C. Landscape installation and maintenance companies
  D. Creating a successful restoration nursery
    1. Strategies
    2. Restoration nurseries
        a. Operations
        b. Current methods
XI. Plant Salvage Considerations and Techniques
XII. Site Inventory
XIII. Outplanting Requirements and Techniques
 A. Site preparation for planting
 B. Field monitoring practices
 C. Record keeping

Untitled document
1.  Weekly reading assignments (approximately 10 pages per week).
2.  Plant species report (approximately 3-5 pages).
3.  Oral presentation of report.
4.  Field trip for propagation materials collection and plant
5.  Lab activities: plant propagation.
6.  Quizzes (1-3); final exam.

Methods of Evaluation/Basis of Grade.
Writing: Assessment tools that demonstrate writing skill and/or require students to select, organize and explain ideas in writing.Writing
10 - 30%
Species reports.
Problem solving: Assessment tools, other than exams, that demonstrate competence in computational or non-computational problem solving skills.Problem Solving
10 - 40%
Field work
Skill Demonstrations: All skill-based and physical demonstrations used for assessment purposes including skill performance exams.Skill Demonstrations
5 - 20%
Oral presentations.
Exams: All forms of formal testing, other than skill performance exams.Exams
30 - 60%
Multiple choice, True/false, Matching items, Completion, Short answer.
Other: Includes any assessment tools that do not logically fit into the above categories.Other Category
10 - 30%
Field trip participation.

Representative Textbooks and Materials:
Untitled document
A Flora of Sonoma County. Best, C., Howell, J.T., Knight, W.&I., and
Wells, M.  California Native Plant Society, Sacramento, Ca., 1996.
Seed Propagation of Native California Plants. Emery, Dara.  Santa
Barbara Botanical Garden, Santa Barbara, Ca., 1988.
The Jepson Manual. Hickman, J., editor.  University of California
Press, Berkeley, Ca., 1993.
Growing California Native Plants. Schmidt, Marjorie.  University of
California Press, Berkeley, Ca., 1981.
Instructor prepared materials.

Print PDF