Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
1. Compare and contrast the stylistic elements of different periods in
2. Explain how musical styles owe their characteristics to the inventive
genius of the composers, performers, and theorists of a given period.
3. Explain how music-making is linked to the great endeavors of human
thought and activity.
4. Explain musical styles in cultural and historical context, such as:
political, religious, philosophical, social, and artistic.
5. Recognize performance practices of twentieth- and twenty-first
century music as interpreted and performed in its historical context.
6. Identify important musical terminologies and relate them to each
7. Analyze and discuss the music of each period using proper musical
8. Analyze and comprehend patterns of meaning found both in linguistic
and non-linguistic terms.
Third course of a 3-semester sequence. This last semester will cover
material from 1880 to the present.
1. The Post-Romantic Generation
Composers such as Mahler, R. Strauss, Busoni, Sibelius, et al.
A. Painters and poets
B. Musical techniques
C. Composers: Debussy, Ravel, Satie, et al.
3. Between the Wars (1920-1940)
A. Objectivism, Urbanism, Neo-Classicism, and Gebrauchsmusik
B. Stravinsky, Bartok, and Hindemith
C. Les Six (Milhaud, Honegger, Poulenc, et al.)
D. The Russians (Prokofiev, Shostakovitch, et al.)
E. Twelve-tone Music (Schoenberg, Berg, Webern, et al.)
F. Others such as: Vaughan Williams, Falla, Bloch, Roussel, Walton,
Orff, et al.
4. The American Scene
B. Impressionists (Griffes, et al.)
C. Experimentalists (Ives, Varese, Ruggles, et al.)
D. Traditionalists (Copland, Sessions, Moore, Piston, Hanson, Harris,
Thompson, Bernstein, et al.)
E. Jazz (Gershwin, Still, Ellington, et al.)
F. Latin America (Villa-Lobos, Chavez, et al.)
5. The Second Revolution (1945-Present)
A. New Trends, New Sounds (Cage, Carter, Crumb, Babbitt, et al.)
B. European Masters in America (Messiaen, Britten, Boulez, et al.)
C. Electronic Music
D. Minimalism, A Return to Tonality (Glass, Reich, Adams, et al.)
TWENTIETH-CENTURY MUSIC. Morgan, Robert P. New York: Norton, 1991.